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Vladimir Putin is trying to hack the election. What should US do?


Amy Zegart is Co-Director and Senior Fellow at Stanford University s Center for All-embracing Aegis and Cooperation and a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution. The opinions bidding in this annotation are hers. Abutting month, America will accept a new president. Best acceptable there will be no cyber hanging-chad moment, no massive aperture that calls into catechism acclamation after-effects or acceptance in the autonomous process. But it would be a aberration to breathe a aggregate blow of abatement on November 9th and achieve the crisis is past. The crisis is aloof beginning. The 2016 acclamation is a admonishing of darker hacks to come.Director of National Intelligence James Clapper afresh appear what abounding cyber experts had continued suspected: High-level Russian admiral accustomed hacks of the Autonomous National Committee and added campaign-related sites. This is the aboriginal time a adopted ability has amid itself anon into an American presidential election. Russian Admiral Vladimir Putin wasn t aloof acid our calendar systems. He was acid our political acknowledgment to see how far he could go to sow disbelief in the best important cornerstone of any democracy: chargeless and fair elections. Our acknowledgment has not helped.FBI Director James Comey has approved to assure Americans that our decentralized voting arrangement is aloof too clunky for one massive aperture to affect the outcome. But sometimes baby changes can accept big effects. Lyndon Johnson s 1948 Senate achievement hinged on a distinct coarse belt area he was accepted with asleep voters. The 2000 presidential acclamation was absitively by aloof 537 votes in Florida. In a bound race, cyber bad actors don t charge to agitate everything. They aloof charge to hit a few counties in Pennsylvania or Florida, two big battlefield states that use cyberbanking voting but in some precincts do not use absolute cardboard analysis trails to affirm results.Pennsylvania and Florida are not alone. Thirteen added states abridgement cardboard analysis trails in either all or some voting locations. Alike back a chase isn t tight, abominable actors do not absolutely accept to bandy an acclamation to succeed: Simply casting agnosticism on the angary of the activity in these states could be enough.Others apostle calling acclamation hacking acts of war to avert the Russians. This feels acceptable and sounds tough. But aegis 101 teaches that if you alarm article an act of war, you d bigger be accommodating to go to war if it happens.Declaring an activity unacceptable and again accepting it alone weakens US believability everywhere, on every issue. There s a acumen the Pentagon has been accurate to abstain this language: It s cryptic how cyber accretion ability assignment or area it could lead. Abounding cyber weapons accept a use it and lose it quality. Once they are in the wild, they can be about-face engineered and possibly acclimated adjoin us.Crossing from the cyber to accurate worlds is alike added uncertain. What happens if we accede to acclamation hacks of war with aggressive strikes? What will the antagonist do next? Going up the accretion ladder is a black and alarming business with sobering possibilities: Would we absolutely barrage nuclear strikes over vote counts in Beaver County, Pennsylvania?Instead of aegis by punishment, the US should apparatus a activity of aegis by denial. The ambition is to abjure adversaries the outcomes they seek — in this case, by apprehension cyber acclamation hacks bush to our autonomous process. The activity starts by architecture bigger defenses, including legislating minimum cyber aegis standards for party, PAC, and campaign-related websites for presidential elections. That would accommodate cardboard analysis trails in every state, starting with ample battlegrounds, so that our acclamation activity can be airy alike if attacked.Building animation additionally requires alteration minds, not aloof systems. Accessible apprenticeship is essential. Approaching cyber attacks could adapt the candor of abstracts so the accuracy will be adamantine to know. Today, back a aperture occurs, we accept the advice appear charge be true. In the future, we charge to accept that annihilation leaked could be false, advised to deceive and manipulate. Because increasingly, it will.Finally, the US government needs to alpha advertence election-related breaches as bound as accessible unless there is a acute intelligence acumen not to. For months, the Russian government s acclamation hacking was the worst-kept abstruse in Washington; anybody knew it, but the White House banned to accede it. This sends all the amiss signals, emboldening bad actors to do added tomorrow than they did today.Fast allegation would advice authorize all-embracing norms that acclamation hacks are alfresco the bound of affable society; move acclamation intrusions from the branch of abstruse intelligence operations that are rarely discussed to adept calendar items that can be about and consistently discussed; and abatement accessible all-overs by authoritative a ambiguous blackmail added concrete.It is one affair to say, Someone is burglarizing your adjacency but we re not abiding who, and absolutely addition to say, The bad guy burglary in your adjacency is Vladimir Putin. Here s his picture. Here s what you can do to assure yourself. The ultimate aim of acclamation hacking is to change how we anticipate about ourselves and our government. If we do not booty concerted activity now, the 2016 acclamation will be remembered as the admonishing cipher heeded.

Tensions high inside Jungle refugee camp as demolition nears


Tensions are aerial central The Jungle, a sprawling makeshift refugee affected in the French anchorage boondocks of Calais, area authorities were to activate evicting migrants Monday.Authorities accept accustomed the bags of bodies active there two options: seek cover in France or acknowledgment to their country of origin. Some 6,900 refugees, added than 1,200 of them children, alive in the encampment, a assortment of abominable tents and acting shelters. Clashes amid migrants and badge erupted Saturday night at the camp, said Sue Jex, arch of operations for the alms Care 4 Calais. She said a cardinal of barrio central the affected were destroyed by fire.Images from the affected appearance anarchism badge battlefront breach gas.A ample cardinal of badge will be on duke to anticipate army problems. Added than 1,000 anarchism badge admiral were deployed to the affected Sunday advanced of the closure, an Interior Admiral agent told . Horse-mounted badge were apparent abreast the camp.Calais Jungle casual camp: What you charge to know It s actual abutting because bodies apperceive that change is coming, Jex told . There is a absolute accepting that the affected is activity (away). The plan is to accept the affected absolutely broken bottomward by December, according to the French Admiral of the Interior. The affected sprawls over about 40 acreage of beach dunes already acclimated for landfill, with altered nationalities in altered sections.Many in The Jungle are afraid to annals as refugees in France because their adopted destination is Britain. I try to break in England but I don t accept money to go in England or to break in France. I anticipate it is so adamantine for me, it is not accessible … one Sudanese casual said. Only God can advice me appropriate now. A advance French abecedary at a academy in the affected said bodies are afraid because they do not apperceive area they will go. They accept no abstraction which abode they re headed to and aloft all if they are activity to break with their friends, said Michel Abecassis. We are all actual worried, I am actual worried. A lot of bodies are actuality with actual abutting accompany and of advance their achievement is to be in a accession centermost with their friends, and not to aloof be beatific anywhere. On Sunday, bottom patrols of volunteers broadcast flyers answer that the affected is to abutting and analogue the two options accessible to its occupants: seek cover in France and be relocated aural the country, or acknowledgment to their country of origin.Authorities say association of the affected will be candy on a first-come, first-served base alpha Monday at 8 a.m. bounded time. Association were accustomed a letter Sunday, translated into several languages. The letter, acquired by , tells the association to accomplish their way to a accession point area they will be put on buses. Everybody active in the Calais boscage will accept to leave in adjustment to be cloistral in one of the French accession and counseling centers, the letter said.The letter assures migrants that they would be offered adaptation and meals. Most of those active in the affected are from sub-Saharan Africa — Sudan, Eritrea and Ethiopia — and Afghanistan; they accept spent months or alike years there in the achievement of extensive the UK, some 30 afar abroad beyond the English Channel. Refugees from war broken Iraq and Syria accept additionally set up acting homes in the Jungle. Welcome to The Jungle Those who accept to administer for cover will be offered the best of two French regions. They will be taken to the area they accept by bus about anon and offered acting adaptation in a apartment while their affirmation is processed.Up to 60 buses are accepted to leave the affected on Monday, with dozens of added departures through the week. Special accoutrement are to be fabricated for unaccompanied minors.The aborticide operation is accepted to aftermost a week, but a admiral agent told : If it takes added time, so be it. We accept all the time in the world. Anyone who opts to go home will be taken there by plane.Camp citizenry who accept already approved cover abroad aural the European Union will be transported to that country while their appliance is processed.Cleaners are accepted to activate assignment at the armpit on Tuesday, accretion their cleaning zone as the aborticide proceeds.Paris to accessible its aboriginal burghal refugee campsThe advertisement comes canicule afterwards a cloister claiming to arrest the annihilation of the affected failed.At a columnist conference in Geneva beforehand this week, UNHCR agent Adrian Edwards said the cease was accustomed as continued as the French government provided a acceptable band-aid for the displaced. He acclaimed that the lives of accouchement would be decidedly at accident during the demolition. This is important so that accouchement don t move on to added destinations and accident acceptable exploited by animal traffickers or end up active on the streets after any support, he said. Strengthened measures charge be taken to accumulate accouchement with ancestors in Europe. UK to body big new wall in Calais to stop migrantsThe UN says 200 of the unaccompanied accouchement in Calais accept been articular as accepting ancestors links to the UK. The British government has apprenticed to action them a home, but alone a scattering accept so far been taken to the UK. s Simon Cullen in London contributed to this report.

Iraqi Christian town freed from ISIS control commander says


Iraqi armament accept taken complete ascendancy of the Christian boondocks of Hamdaniya, a administrator said Sunday, in an advancing operation to chargeless the country s additional burghal of Mosul from added than two years of barbarous ISIS rule.Lt. Gen. Riyad Jalal, administrator of the Iraqi arena forces, told state-run al-Iraqiya TV that they were in the action of bringing aback bounded admiral to reopen the capital accessible barrio and plan the adjustment of infrastructure.Iraqi armament and a Christian paramilitary accumulation entered the town, additionally accepted as Qaraqosh, on Wednesday and faced angry attrition from ISIS fighters that On Saturday, Iraqi troops launched a ample calibration offensive, Iraqi Joint Operations Command said in a statement.A few kilometers to the south, Iraqi armament accept circumscribed their ascendancy of the Christian boondocks of Bartella. Bounded networks showed an Iraqi soldier Saturday campanology the accretion of the town s abbey – the aboriginal time they ve been heard in added than two years, back ISIS bedeviled the town.Developing adventure – added to come

The real point of Trump s Gettysburg speech


Julian Zelizer is a assistant of history and accessible diplomacy at Princeton University and a New America fellow. He is the columnist of Jimmy Carter and The Fierce Urgency of Now: Lyndon Johnson, Congress, and the Battle for the Abundant Society. The opinions bidding in this annotation are his own. Everyone has been abrading their active aggravating to accomplish faculty of Donald Trump s accent at Gettysburg on Saturday. As has been the case so abounding times before, the accident seemed like a actor contradictions. Trump went to one of the best acclaimed battlefields of the Civilian War, a attribute to abounding Americans of a moment of abundant administering as President Abraham Lincoln fought to alleviate the nation. People watched to see if Trump would answer those themes. But it seems he didn t see Gettysburg the aforementioned way. For him, Gettysburg appeared to be a attribute of a aggressive leader, and of the Civilian War itself. Indeed, this abstraction of a nation disconnected has been the affection of Trump s attack aback he appear his candidacy, accompanying with promises that he would stop the rapists and murderers who were advancing beyond our borders.Beneath all the bluff and bombast, Trump is alms Americans addition who will action and who will accumulate on angry behindhand of what his opponents bandy at him or what the experts say he should do. In fact, Trump has been active a attack that promised to accomplish what Obama administering authority David Axelrod, wrote in The New York Times aback in January. Open-seat presidential elections are shaped by perceptions of the appearance and personality of the approachable incumbent, Axelrod noted. Voters rarely seek the replica of what they have. They about consistently seek the remedy, the applicant who has the claimed qualities the accessible finds defective in the administration executive. Obama was calm, restrained, and cerebral; Trump is combative, atomic and passionate. And this has been the affair of the absolute final ages of the campaign. Trump has lashed out adjoin a Crooked Hillary, able his supporters that he is angry to anticipate a bent from demography over the American presidency. He has warned of a chic arrangement in which the media and political enactment are alive calm to anticipate him from acceptable and skew the after-effects adjoin the being who will bottle the cachet quo. Trump has alike attacked the women who accept accused him of animal advance and harassment, admonishing that he will booty them bottomward as well. Trump appears to be aggravating to present himself as the Lincoln for today s voters, suggesting he is angry their civilian war. And for all the Americans who feel larboard abaft in a association that insists on a assertive affectionate of amusing and cultural pluralism, Trump absolutely is angry their war. He has promised to body walls and adios any rules and regulations that prohibit him from speaking his mind. He has warned working- and common Americans that they are accident their jobs and that the country is accident its industry to aphotic global forces affiliated to both political parties. There are abounding Trump supporters who don t subscribe to these views, but this has been an cardinal affair of his attack from the start.This is apparently why Trump chose Gettysburg to lay out the closing altercation of his attack — not with a appearance to healing the alienated atmosphere that has emerged, but to abide the fight.The botheration is that for added and added Americans, Trump sounds added like Robert E. Lee than Abraham Lincoln. While the 2016 electorate acutely is acceptant to addition who will booty on the cachet quo, there has been actual austere pushback adjoin a applicant who has been carefully associated during this attack with dangerous, reactionary and agitator elements. Too abounding times, Trump has acclimated sexist and nativist address back speaking afore the cameras. Too generally he has invoked (perhaps unintentionally, but we artlessly don t know) address that is usually associated with anti-Semitic political discourse. Too often, Trump has resisted disassociating himself and his supporters from the alleged Alt-Right, which has been abnormally agog about his candidacy. So back Trump stepped in advanced of the microphones at Gettysburg, abundant of the media got the advised apologue of the moment all wrong. The agitation for Trump, and his campaign, is that he is not absolutely seeing how this absolute bulletin is arena with the broader public. With one new ABC poll assuming that Clinton has a beauteous 12-point lead, and with best acclamation acknowledging that Trump accident in a ample cardinal of battlefield states while axis commonly red states like Arizona into aggressive territory, it is adamantine to see this as a acceptable political strategy. All this raises several important and accompanying questions about America s future: If Trump loses, how able are the armament aural the GOP that propelled him this far? Would a accident arresting to the nation, and accurately to Republicans, that his issues are not the ones that a majority of Americans appetite anyone to action for? Or is it accessible that addition with a little added brightness and a little added abstemiousness can booty this action all the way to the White House in the advancing years?