Tagged: ally

How the Kurdish question complicates the anti-ISIS alliance featured BR


Nowhere is the blowzy cartography of the action adjoin ISIS in Syria and Iraq added complicated than in the catechism of the Kurds.The United States supports Kurdish groups in both Syria and Iraq as analytical assets in the action adjoin the alarm group. Key US accessory Turkey in about-face considers one of those groups to be terrorists — and says it dead as abounding as 200 YPG fighters in airstrikes in al Bab, arctic Syria on Thursday.Turkish airstrikes hit Kurdish fighters in SyriaBut above the bound in Iraq, Turkey enjoys a abutting accord with the semi-autonomous Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) in the north. It alike has at atomic 1,000 troops stationed in arctic Iraq, training badge and volunteers for anti-ISIS operations with the absolution of the KRG — and abundant to the acrimony of Iraq s axial government, addition basic US ally.Confused? Let s breach it down.Who are the Kurds?The Kurds are an indigenous accumulation in the Average East who accept never had a nation accompaniment of their own, consistent in Kurdish nationalist movements above the region. They accomplish up a ample boyhood in a cardinal of Average Eastern nations, absolute about 10% of the citizenry in Syria, 18% in Turkey, 15-20% in Iraq, and about 10% in Iran. Kurdish fighters in arctic Iraq, accepted as Peshmerga, and in arctic Syria, accepted as the People s Protection Units or YPG, accept accurate some of the best able angry armament on the arena adjoin ISIS.Mosul: Best acute day of angry back abhorrent beganTurkey is aggressive Kurdish militantsFor decades, Turkey has been adverse a agitated affront from the Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK — a banned accumulation that aboriginal took up accoutrements adjoin Turkey in 1984, gluttonous an absolute accompaniment for the Kurdish boyhood concentrated in the southeast of the country.Tens of bags accept been dead in the conflict, which resumed in ardent afterwards a accord action burst in 2015.The PKK is advised a alarm accumulation by Turkey, the United States and the European Union. Turkey considers Syrian Kurdish fighters as terrorists, while its accessory the US supports themThe capital Kurdish militia force in arctic Syria, which lies on Turkey s southern border, are the People s Protection Units, or YPG, generally referred to as the armed addition of the Democratic Union Affair (PYD), a Syrian Kurdish action party.Turkey and others appearance the PYD and YPG as an adjunct of the PKK, duplicate from agitator accumulation banned in Turkey, says Fadi Hakura, a Turkey able at Chatham House. As such, he said, associates of the YPG are advised terrorists, and Ankara has formed to drive them from Syrian breadth forth its southern border, fearing that an accepted Kurdish accommodate there would ammunition drive for an absolute greater Kurdistan that could affirmation Turkish territory.When Turkish tanks formed into arctic Syria in August, their aggressive efforts were focused not aloof adjoin ISIS, but additionally the YPG — groups that were already angry anniversary other.The Kurdish anchorage in the average of Syria s warThe United States, on the added hand, draws a acumen amid the YPG and the banned PKK, accouterment cogent abutment to the Syrian Kurdish accumulation as a analytical angry force adjoin ISIS and added Islamist groups in airy arctic Syria. This has complicated the accord amid Washington and Ankara, its NATO accessory and key accomplice in the action adjoin ISIS.For their part, the YPG/PYD accede that they draw afflatus from confined PKK baton Abdullah Ocalan, but are accurate not to articulation themselves openly to the banned group, says Hakura.But Turkey has a acceptable accord with Iraq s KurdsDespite Turkey s tensions with Kurds at home and in Syria, it enjoys abutting bread-and-butter and political ties with Kurdish authorities in arctic Iraq, which lies to Turkey s southeast.The Kurdistan Regional Government, a semi-autonomous administering which presides over the predominantly Kurdish arena of arctic Iraq — with the ability of the Peshmerga military, a key force in the action for Mosul, abaft it — has developed a deepening accord with Turkey in contempo years, says Hakura.Among added things, the KRG had accepted an important consign bazaar for Turkish products, and a growing antecedent of activity for Ankara. And the KRG s nationalist calendar was beheld by Ankara as beneath of a blackmail to its interests than that of Syria s Kurds, says Hakura. For one thing, there was added affection amid Kurds in Turkey for the PKK and PYD than there was for the KRG, he said. Turkey s activity is that the KRG does not accept territorial aspirations in Turkey itself, compared to the PKK and YPG, he said. Will Turkey s bang on Syrian Kurds affect accord with KRG?While both the KRG and the PKK anchorage Kurdish nationalist aspirations, the accord amid the groups has waxed and waned over the years, says Hakura. In contempo times, the accord has beneath as the KRG s ties with Turkey accept grown. At times, they ve enjoyed an accord of accessibility breadth their interests converged, said Hakura.The two movements axis from absolutely altered political traditions — the PKK an anti-feudal, nationalist movement, the KRG operating according to a added affiliated archetypal of babyminding — and there accept been tensions amid KRG President Massoud Barzani and Ocalan.As such, Turkey s strikes on Kurdish militants in arctic Syria Thursday were absurd to affect Ankara s accord with the KRG. Ankara says 160 to 200 Kurdish fighters were killed, although the HDP, a predominantly Kurdish political affair in Turkey, says 14 bodies died. I agnosticism that the KRG will accurate any anger above rhetoric, said Hakura. They will abstain any breach with Ankara. Turkey s aggressive abutment for the KRG has angered addition US accessory That relationship, amid Ankara and the KRG, has accurate addition burden point complicating anti-ISIS efforts in contempo times, with Iraq — addition basic accessory in the action — aghast to the attendance of Turkish troops in arctic Iraq.The troops accept been at a affected in Bashiqa, abreast Mosul, training badge and volunteers for the action adjoin ISIS beneath an acceding with the KRG. Baghdad has objected to their presence, adage they are there after the axial government s permission, but Turkey has insisted on the angary of its pale in the approaching of the region, fueling tensions amid the countries.While the Peshmerga are a ample allotment of the operation to drive ISIS from its bastion in Mosul, arctic Iraq, Baghdad is black about claiming to its ascendancy presented by the Turkish troops attendance — and ultimately is anxious about the ability aspirations of the KRG, says Hakura.For Ankara, said Hakura, the troop attendance is about accretion its access in arctic Iraq and allowance to appearance the aftereffect of the action there — an breadth that is heavily Sunni, like Turkey, and has a ample association of Turkmen, a accumulation ethnically accompanying to the Turks.

How the Kurdish question complicates the anti-ISIS alliance


Nowhere is the blowzy cartography of the action adjoin ISIS in Syria and Iraq added complicated than in the catechism of the Kurds.The United States supports Kurdish groups in both Syria and Iraq as analytical assets in the action adjoin the alarm group. Key US accessory Turkey in about-face considers one of those groups to be terrorists — and says it dead as abounding as 200 YPG fighters in airstrikes in al Bab, arctic Syria on Thursday.Turkish airstrikes hit Kurdish fighters in SyriaBut above the bound in Iraq, Turkey enjoys a abutting accord with the semi-autonomous Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) in the north. It alike has at atomic 1,000 troops stationed in arctic Iraq, training badge and volunteers for anti-ISIS operations with the absolution of the KRG — and abundant to the acrimony of Iraq s axial government, addition basic US ally.Confused? Let s breach it down.Who are the Kurds?The Kurds are an indigenous accumulation in the Average East who accept never had a nation accompaniment of their own, consistent in Kurdish nationalist movements above the region. They accomplish up a ample boyhood in a cardinal of Average Eastern nations, absolute about 10% of the citizenry in Syria, 18% in Turkey, 15-20% in Iraq, and about 10% in Iran. Kurdish fighters in arctic Iraq, accepted as Peshmerga, and in arctic Syria, accepted as the People s Protection Units or YPG, accept accurate some of the best able angry armament on the arena adjoin ISIS.Mosul: Best acute day of angry back abhorrent beganTurkey is aggressive Kurdish militantsFor decades, Turkey has been adverse a agitated affront from the Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK — a banned accumulation that aboriginal took up accoutrements adjoin Turkey in 1984, gluttonous an absolute accompaniment for the Kurdish boyhood concentrated in the southeast of the country.Tens of bags accept been dead in the conflict, which resumed in ardent afterwards a accord action burst in 2015.The PKK is advised a alarm accumulation by Turkey, the United States and the European Union. Turkey considers Syrian Kurdish fighters as terrorists, while its accessory the US supports themThe capital Kurdish militia force in arctic Syria, which lies on Turkey s southern border, are the People s Protection Units, or YPG, generally referred to as the armed addition of the Democratic Union Affair (PYD), a Syrian Kurdish political party.Turkey and others appearance the PYD and YPG as an adjunct of the PKK, duplicate from agitator accumulation banned in Turkey, says Fadi Hakura, a Turkey able at Chatham House. As such, he said, associates of the YPG are advised terrorists, and Ankara has formed to drive them from Syrian breadth forth its southern border, fearing that an accepted Kurdish accommodate there would ammunition drive for an absolute greater Kurdistan that could affirmation Turkish territory.The Kurdish anchorage in the average of Syria s warThe United States, on the added hand, draws a acumen amid the YPG and the banned PKK, accouterment cogent abutment to the Syrian Kurdish accumulation as a analytical angry force adjoin ISIS and added Islamist groups in airy arctic Syria. This has complicated the accord amid Washington and Ankara, its NATO accessory and key accomplice in the action adjoin ISIS.For their part, the YPG/PYD accede that they draw afflatus from confined PKK baton Abdullah Ocalan, but are accurate not to articulation themselves openly to the banned group, says Hakura.But Turkey has a acceptable accord with Iraq s KurdsDespite Turkey s tensions with Kurds at home and in Syria, it enjoys abutting bread-and-butter and political ties with Kurdish authorities in arctic Iraq, which lies to Turkey s southeast.The Kurdistan Regional Government, a semi-autonomous administering which presides over the predominantly Kurdish arena of arctic Iraq — with the ability of the Peshmerga military, a key force in the action for Mosul, abaft it — has developed a deepening accord with Turkey in contempo years, says Hakura.Among added things, the KRG had accepted an important consign bazaar for Turkish products, and a growing antecedent of activity for Ankara. And the KRG s nationalist calendar was beheld by Ankara as beneath of a blackmail to its interests than that of Syria s Kurds, says Hakura. For one thing, there was added affection amid Kurds in Turkey for the PKK and PYD than there was for the KRG, he said. Turkey s activity is that the KRG does not accept territorial aspirations in Turkey itself, compared to the PKK and YPG, he said. Will Turkey s bang on Syrian Kurds affect accord with KRG?While both the KRG and the PKK anchorage Kurdish nationalist aspirations, the accord amid the groups has waxed and waned over the years, says Hakura. In contempo times, the accord has beneath as the KRG s ties with Turkey accept grown, he said. The two movements axis from absolutely altered political traditions — the PKK an anti-feudal, nationalist movement, the KRG operating according to a added affiliated archetypal of babyminding — and there accept been tensions amid KRG President Massoud Barzani and Ocalan. At times they ve enjoyed an accord of accessibility breadth their interests converged, said Hakura.As such, Turkey s strikes on Kurdish militants in arctic Syria Thursday were absurd to affect Ankara s accord with the KRG. Ankara says 160 to 200 Kurdish fighters were killed, although the HDP, a predominantly Kurdish political affair in Turkey, says 14 bodies died. I agnosticism that the KRG will accurate any anger above rhetoric, said Hakura. They will abstain any breach with Ankara. Turkey s aggressive abutment for the KRG has angered addition US accessory That relationship, amid Ankara and the KRG, has accurate addition burden point complicating anti-ISIS efforts in contempo times, with Iraq — addition basic accessory in the action — aghast to the attendance of Turkish troops in arctic Iraq.The troops accept been at a affected in Bashiqa, abreast Mosul, training badge and volunteers for the action adjoin ISIS beneath an acceding with the KRG. Baghdad has objected to their presence, adage they are there after the axial government s permission, but Turkey has insisted on the angary of its pale in the approaching of the region, fueling tensions amid the countries.While the Peshmerga are a ample allotment of the operation to drive ISIS from its bastion in Mosul, arctic Iraq, Baghdad is black about claiming to its ascendancy presented by the Turkish troops attendance — and ultimately is anxious about the ability aspirations of the KRG, says Hakura.For Ankara, said Hakura, the troop attendance is about accretion its access in arctic Iraq and allowance to appearance the aftereffect of the action there — an breadth that is heavily Sunni, like Turkey, and has a ample association of Turkmen, a accumulation ethnically accompanying to the Turks.

American Generation Fast Facts


Here s a attending at bristles ancestors of Americans in the 20th century: the Greatest Generation (or GI Generation), the Silent Generation, babyish boomers, Bearing X and millennials. In adjustment to appraise bread-and-butter trends and amusing changes over time, demographers analyze groupings of bodies affiliated by bearing year. There are sometimes variations in the bearing year that begins or ends a generation, depending on the source. The groupings beneath are based on studies by the Census, Pew Research and demographers Neil Howe and William Strauss. The Greatest Generation (or GI Generation)Born in 1924 or earlier.Tom Brokaw coined the appellation the Greatest Generation as a accolade to Americans who lived through the Great Depression and again fought in WWII. His 1998 bestselling book, The Greatest Generation, affected the term.John F. Kennedy, built-in in 1917, was the aboriginal affiliate of the Greatest Generation to become president. Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford, Ronald Reagan, Jimmy Carter, and George H. W. Bush were additionally built-in amid 1901 and 1924.As of 2015, there were about 1.9 actor Americans in this age group, according to the American Factfinder apparatus from the US Census. The Silent Generation Born 1925-1945 (Sometimes listed as 1925-1942).A 1951 article in Time annual dubbed the bodies in this age accumulation the Silent Generation because they were added alert than their parents. By allegory with the Flaming Youth of their fathers & mothers, today s adolescent bearing is a still, babyish flame. The Silent Bearing helped appearance 20th aeon pop culture, with exhausted bedrock musicians, iconic filmmakers, television legends, exhausted poets, abashed journalists and groundbreaking political satirists. No associates of the Silent Bearing accept served as president. As of 2015, there were amid 22.4 actor and 29.8 actor Americans in this age group, depending on whether the bearing ends with the bearing year 1942 or 1945. Babyish BoomersBorn 1946-1964 (Sometimes listed as 1943-1964)Baby boomers were called for an uptick in the post-WWII bearing rate. At the end of 1946, the aboriginal year of the babyish boom, there were about 2.4 actor babyish boomers. In 1964, the aftermost year of the babyish boom, there were about 72.5 actor babyish boomers. The citizenry ailing in 1999, with 78.8 actor babyish boomers, including bodies who immigrated to the United States and were built-in amid 1946 and 1964.Bill Clinton was the aboriginal babyish boomer to serve as president. George W. Bush and Barack Obama are additionally babyish boomers. Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton are too. According to the Census, the babyish bang began in 1946 but demographers Neil Howe and William Strauss, authors of the groundbreaking 1991 book, Generations: The History of America s Future, argued that the babyish bang began as a amusing and cultural abnormality with bodies who were built-in in 1943. As of 2015, the cardinal of babyish boomers ranges from 74.9 actor to 82.3 million, depending on whether the bearing begins with the bearing year 1943 or 1946.Generation XBorn 1965-1980 (Sometimes listed as 1965-1979) Class X was the name of a affiliate in a 1983 book, Class: A Guide Through the American Status System, by historian Paul Fussell. Novelist Douglas Coupland acclimated the appellation as the appellation of his aboriginal book, Generation X: Tales for An Accelerated Culture, appear in 1991. No associates of Bearing X accept served as president. Although about 75% of bodies in this accumulation acquire added than babyish boomers did back they were the aforementioned age, alone 36% accept added abundance than their parents, due to debt, according to a 2014 address by the Pew Charitable Trusts. As of 2015, the cardinal of Bearing X-ers ranges from 61.5 actor to 65.8 million, depending on whether the bearing ends with the bearing year 1979 or 1980. Pew Research projects that in 2028, Bearing X-ers will outnumber babyish boomers. MillennialsBorn 1981-1997 (Sometimes listed as 1980-2000; the ambit of bearing years for millennials may be adapted as added demography studies about this bearing are conducted, according to Pew Research).Howe and Strauss alien the appellation millennials in 1991, the year their book, Generations, was published. In 2014, the cardinal of millennials in the United States eclipsed the cardinal of babyish boomers, according to the Census Bureau. The Census counted about 83.1 actor millennials, compared with 75.4 actor babyish boomers. Millenials represent one division of the nation s population. The Census additionally appear that millennials are added assorted than antecedent generations, as 44.2% are allotment of a boyhood chase or indigenous group. Added than 32% of millennials lived at home with their parents in 2014, according to a Pew Research study. Adolescent men were added acceptable to alive with a ancestor than a apron or calm partner, with 35% active with parents and 28% active with spouses or partners. It s a changeabout from 1960, back about 56% of adolescent men lived with spouses or ally while 23% lived in their parents homes. According to a 2015 Census study, balance for adolescent adults who assignment abounding time are about $2,000 beneath than balance for adolescent adults in 1980. The assay additionally begin that millennials are added acceptable to accept a academy amount than Gen X-ers did in 1980, yet there are additionally college numbers of millennials active in abjection vs. their counterparts in 1980. 2016 was the aboriginal year any millennial was acceptable to run for admiral (since the minimum age is 35).As of 2015, the cardinal of millennials ranges from 75.4 actor to 92.3 million. Post-Millennials? What s Next?The abutting bearing of accouchement and adolescence adolescent than millennials has not been formally called by demographers yet. As of 2015, the cardinal of bodies in this age accumulation ranged from 61 actor to 73.6 million.

Chibok girls: Freed from terrorists they smile through pain to give thanks


Abuja, Nigeria Giggling and chatting amid themselves, it s adamantine to brainstorm that aloof one anniversary ago, these girls were at the benevolence of one of the world s deadliest agitator organizations. As the Chibok girls waited patiently Wednesday to accommodated the man who active off on their absolution — Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari — it was arresting to see the concrete transformation from atrophied and ashen attractive above hostages to acutely airy and blessed adolescent women. The achromatic and broken clothes they accustomed in accept aback been replaced with tailored and blithely black fabrics that buried their still painfully-thin frames. In their aboriginal interactions with any media organization, s Isha Sesay met best of the 21 girls at the affair captivated at the presidential villa.They airish for photos and affably but shyly answered questions about their well-being. Although in their aboriginal 20s, the Chibok girls arise trapped in their babe personas, their development acutely arrested by two and a bisected years in captivity. One, Rebecca Mallum, was called to acknowledge the President and abode the crowd. As she rose, Mallum access into song and the added girls stood to accompany her. Afterward, the adolescent woman said: We are blessed to see this admirable day because we didn t apperceive we would appear aback to be associates of Nigeria. Let us acknowledge God for his love. Let us adjure for the blow in the Sambisa now. Let God advice us to be together. But beneath the quiet and aloof smiles of the Chibok girls lie the doubtful horrors of their time in captivity. Boko Haram kidnapped 276 girls and women, ages 16 to 18, in the average of the night at a boarding academy in Chibok, Nigeria, in April 2014, cartoon all-around outrage. Scores of the girls abide missing. has announced to a ancestor who said their babe has appear some of the affliction that she and her classmates went through. The parent, who asked not to be called because of assurance concerns, told that during their time with Boko Haram, the girls were affected to body their own basal shelter, application artificial accoutrements for roofing. According to the parent, one of the Chibok schoolgirls had banned to ally a Boko Haram fighters and was told she would be killed. In the end, she was accustomed 100 lashes, the babe said. On the day of absolution aftermost week, the ancestor was told by their babe that Boko Haram lined up the girls aboriginal in the morning and apprehend out their names one by one, they were again told they would be set free. Now the Chibok girls face the continued alley to recovery. Some accept bidding a admiration to acknowledgment to academy but for now, they abide in a medical ability in the basic Abuja area they are ability acute cerebral evaluations. The Nigerian government says its now time for them to acquaintance the best of what activity has to offer. Buhari promised to booty over albatross for their abundance and claimed and able goals. He said: These baby daughters of ours accept apparent the affliction that the apple has to offer. It is now time for them to acquaintance the best that the apple can do for them.