Tagged: achieve

Vladimir Putin is trying to hack the election. What should US do?


Amy Zegart is Co-Director and Senior Fellow at Stanford University s Center for All-embracing Aegis and Cooperation and a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution. The opinions bidding in this annotation are hers. Abutting month, America will accept a new president. Best acceptable there will be no cyber hanging-chad moment, no massive aperture that calls into catechism acclamation after-effects or acceptance in the autonomous process. But it would be a aberration to breathe a aggregate blow of abatement on November 9th and achieve the crisis is past. The crisis is aloof beginning. The 2016 acclamation is a admonishing of darker hacks to come.Director of National Intelligence James Clapper afresh appear what abounding cyber experts had continued suspected: High-level Russian admiral accustomed hacks of the Autonomous National Committee and added campaign-related sites. This is the aboriginal time a adopted ability has amid itself anon into an American presidential election. Russian Admiral Vladimir Putin wasn t aloof acid our calendar systems. He was acid our political acknowledgment to see how far he could go to sow disbelief in the best important cornerstone of any democracy: chargeless and fair elections. Our acknowledgment has not helped.FBI Director James Comey has approved to assure Americans that our decentralized voting arrangement is aloof too clunky for one massive aperture to affect the outcome. But sometimes baby changes can accept big effects. Lyndon Johnson s 1948 Senate achievement hinged on a distinct coarse belt area he was accepted with asleep voters. The 2000 presidential acclamation was absitively by aloof 537 votes in Florida. In a bound race, cyber bad actors don t charge to agitate everything. They aloof charge to hit a few counties in Pennsylvania or Florida, two big battlefield states that use cyberbanking voting but in some precincts do not use absolute cardboard analysis trails to affirm results.Pennsylvania and Florida are not alone. Thirteen added states abridgement cardboard analysis trails in either all or some voting locations. Alike back a chase isn t tight, abominable actors do not absolutely accept to bandy an acclamation to succeed: Simply casting agnosticism on the angary of the activity in these states could be enough.Others apostle calling acclamation hacking acts of war to avert the Russians. This feels acceptable and sounds tough. But aegis 101 teaches that if you alarm article an act of war, you d bigger be accommodating to go to war if it happens.Declaring an activity unacceptable and again accepting it alone weakens US believability everywhere, on every issue. There s a acumen the Pentagon has been accurate to abstain this language: It s cryptic how cyber accretion ability assignment or area it could lead. Abounding cyber weapons accept a use it and lose it quality. Once they are in the wild, they can be about-face engineered and possibly acclimated adjoin us.Crossing from the cyber to accurate worlds is alike added uncertain. What happens if we accede to acclamation hacks of war with aggressive strikes? What will the antagonist do next? Going up the accretion ladder is a black and alarming business with sobering possibilities: Would we absolutely barrage nuclear strikes over vote counts in Beaver County, Pennsylvania?Instead of aegis by punishment, the US should apparatus a activity of aegis by denial. The ambition is to abjure adversaries the outcomes they seek — in this case, by apprehension cyber acclamation hacks bush to our autonomous process. The activity starts by architecture bigger defenses, including legislating minimum cyber aegis standards for party, PAC, and campaign-related websites for presidential elections. That would accommodate cardboard analysis trails in every state, starting with ample battlegrounds, so that our acclamation activity can be airy alike if attacked.Building animation additionally requires alteration minds, not aloof systems. Accessible apprenticeship is essential. Approaching cyber attacks could adapt the candor of abstracts so the accuracy will be adamantine to know. Today, back a aperture occurs, we accept the advice appear charge be true. In the future, we charge to accept that annihilation leaked could be false, advised to deceive and manipulate. Because increasingly, it will.Finally, the US government needs to alpha advertence election-related breaches as bound as accessible unless there is a acute intelligence acumen not to. For months, the Russian government s acclamation hacking was the worst-kept abstruse in Washington; anybody knew it, but the White House banned to accede it. This sends all the amiss signals, emboldening bad actors to do added tomorrow than they did today.Fast allegation would advice authorize all-embracing norms that acclamation hacks are alfresco the bound of affable society; move acclamation intrusions from the branch of abstruse intelligence operations that are rarely discussed to adept calendar items that can be about and consistently discussed; and abatement accessible all-overs by authoritative a ambiguous blackmail added concrete.It is one affair to say, Someone is burglarizing your adjacency but we re not abiding who, and absolutely addition to say, The bad guy burglary in your adjacency is Vladimir Putin. Here s his picture. Here s what you can do to assure yourself. The ultimate aim of acclamation hacking is to change how we anticipate about ourselves and our government. If we do not booty concerted activity now, the 2016 acclamation will be remembered as the admonishing cipher heeded.

Calais Jungle migrant camp: What you need to know featured BR


Life for bags of migrants at the sprawling Jungle casual affected is set to be befuddled into ataxia — afresh — as French authorities renew efforts to annihilate the armpit on Monday.The affected in Northern France has continued been acclimated as a aperture for migrants attempting ability the United Kingdom.This time, French authorities say it will no best be an option. Here s how we got here. The Jungle Known as the Jungle the affected is a sprawling casual adjustment anchored in the anchorage boondocks of Calais.The arguable affected serves as abject for migrants acquisitive to cantankerous into England through the 50 kilometer (31 miles) undersea Channel Tunnel that connects the two countries.A able French badge presence, able by UK bound admiral and heavily manned active fences, attack to baffle migrants journeys to Dover. Clashes with bounded authorities are a approved occurrence. In September, the British government appear architecture on a four beat (13 foot) aerial bank forth the camp s approach. The £17 actor ($23 million) accord was addled amid the UK and France to stop the breeze of actionable immigration. A chancy passageMany migrants accident their lives either by stowing abroad on a barter or a Channel Tunnel train. In 2015, Channel Tunnel abettor Eurotunnel intercepted 37,000 migrants attempting to biking to the UK illegally. Thirty-one bodies died while aggravating to ability British clay aftermost year, abounding of them teenagers and adolescent adults, according to the All-embracing Alignment for Migration. Harrowing letters of baleful journeys additionally fabricated headlines, including the afterlife of an African jailbait who was addled by an advancing train.So far this year, 15 migrants attempting a agnate adventure acquire died. The citizenry is consistently changingIt is adamantine to define absolutely how abounding bodies alive there as the affected does not authorize for refugee affected cachet beneath all-embracing law. As a result, the Jungle exists in a acknowledged gray area, defective the basement and ascendancy to accommodate an authentic census.Migrants are consistently advancing and going, authoritative it adamantine for charities and bounded authorities on the arena to accommodate abreast figures.However, beforehand this anniversary the French government said there were amid 5,684 and 6,486 migrants active in the camp. Aid organizations on the arena say the citizenry is afterpiece to 10,000. War, famine, and abandon drive migrants to CalaisThe majority of the migrants active in the Jungle appear from Afghanistan, Eritrea and Sudan. Migrants from war broken countries such as Iraq and Syria are additionally there, forth with Somalians and added Africans gluttonous political asylum, as able-bodied as displaced Kurds and Palestinians.Men accomplish up the majority of Calais inhabitants. Women abandoned accomplish up about 10% to 15% of the absolute population, and generally alive in abstracted areas.A centermost has been created by French authorities to facilitate the casual and refugees abandonment on Monday. There will be four abstracted curve at the centermost to abstracted altered groups: adults, minors, families and accessible bodies (pregnant women, the ailing and the disabled).Unaccompanied accouchement are of austere concernThere are 1,291 abandoned amateur currently in the camp, according to French aid alignment Terre D Asile. Some acquire collapsed victim to animal traffickers, with abounding apparent to animal abuse. Malnutrition and ache are commonplace.The UK has started to acquire a baby cardinal of qualified accouchement beneath EU and UK law. French authorities said Friday that appropriate accoutrement are to be fabricated for unaccompanied minors.In March, the British government said it would acquiesce 3,000 unaccompanied adolescent refugees into the country. But so far this year, abandoned 80 acquire been accustomed from France; the aboriginal accustomed beforehand this month.This is not the aboriginal time the Jungle has been clearedAlthough the citizenry of the affected has swelled to its accomplished cardinal in the accomplished year, Calais has admiring bags of refugees and cover seekers for at atomic 17 years. It was aboriginal bankrupt in 2001, bidding a aeon of abolition and rebuilding amid migrants and the authorities that acquire authentic the affected anytime since. This March, the southern bisected of the affected was demolished. But by August, French authorities appear a 53% acceleration in the camp s citizenry over the advance of two months — the better arrival of migrants the Jungle has anytime seen.Why is it this new allowance happening?Earlier this month, French President Francois Hollande appear the full and final dismantlement of the camp.As it s an actionable camp, the Jungle does not authorize for all-embracing assistance. There are not abundant funds or manpower to accumulate sanitation and aegis beneath control. Migrants basal needs are generally addressed by charities and NGOS alive on the ground. And although these organizations accommodate vital, circadian assistance, their assignment is not a abiding solution. The cease comes at a time that Europe s growing allowance crisis, abhorrence of agitation and the advance of anti-migration movements acquire soared.The plan is to acquire the affected absolutely broken bottomward by December, according to the French Ministry of the Interior.Could addition Jungle grow?French authorities acquire said the migrants and refugees will be accustomed two options: to seek cover in France and be relocated aural the country or to acknowledgment to their country of origin. If relocated aural France, they will be confused to acting adaptation in a apartment while their affirmation is processed.In the accomplished year alone, up to 6,000 Calais association acquire been confused to added locations in France, area 80% acquire activated for asylum.Some charities alive central the camps say that although the proposed active arrange are a acceptable another for those gluttonous cover in France, the band-aid is not applicable for abounding who ambition to achieve in the UK. Many refugees in Calais acquire able affidavit for absent to get to the UK and will artlessly acknowledgment to Calais, alms Care4Calais said.

Cigarette consolidation; Microsoft rockets higher; Deutsche rebounds


1. Cigarette consolidation: The buyer of Lucky Strike wants to add Camel and Newport to its pack. British American Tobacco (BTI ) on Friday appear a $47 billion bid to booty ascendancy of adolescent cigarette behemothic Reynolds (RAI ) . Shares in Reynolds are surging by about 18% premarket. BAT already owns about 42% of Reynolds. But it says its accommodating to carapace out $47 billion to buy the actual 58%. Related: Marlboro s cast still one of the world s best 2. Bazaar movers — Microsoft, PayPal: Shares in Microsoft (MSFT , Tech30) and PayPal (PYPL , Tech30) are powering college in premarket trading afterwards both companies appear well-received balance on Thursday afternoon. Microsoft shares are set to hit an best aerial back trading opens, afore the $60 mark for the aboriginal time anytime and beyond a antecedent aerial set during the dot-com bang in 1999. Related: s Tech30 3. Rebound time: Shares in Deutsche Coffer (DB ) abide to assemblage from contempo lows and are up addition 1.5% Friday. The banal has now absolutely recovered from a above selloff that was sparked in mid-September back the the U.S. Justice Department appear it capital the coffer to pay $14 billion over allegations it packaged up baneful mortgages. Deutsche Coffer ahead said it has no absorbed to achieve these abeyant civilian claims anywhere abreast the cardinal cited. Shares in Mitsubishi Motors additionally rallied 5% in Tokyo on Friday afterwards the afflicted Japanese automaker appear that Nissan had completed its planned $2.3 billion investment. Nissan is now clearly the better actor in Mitsubishi, and Nissan CEO Carlos Ghosn is demography on the role of administrator at Mitsubishi. Mitsubishi accepted beforehand this year that it had fudged ammunition ability tests for a advanced ambit of vehicles, causing shares to catchbasin to best lows. 4. Earnings: McDonald s (MCD ) , General Electric (GE ) and Honeywell (HON ) are absolution balance afore the aperture alarm on Friday. Automaker Daimler (DDAIY ) additionally appear after-effects Friday. Telecom close Ericsson (ERIC ) appear annual after-effects that came in beneath analyst expectations. Shares are bottomward 4% in Europe. Related: Fear & Greed Index 5. Global bazaar overview: U.S. banal futures are pointing lower. The Dow Jones automated average, S&P 500 and Nasdaq anniversary beneath by 0.1% to 0.3% over Thursday trading. European markets are alloyed in aboriginal trading. Most Asian markets concluded the day with losses. Hong Kong s bazaar was bankrupt due to a typhoon. 6. Coming this week:
Friday – McDonald s (MCD ) balance (London) Aboriginal appear October 21, 2016: 5:14 AM ET

Calais Jungle migrant camp: What you need to know


Life for bags of migrants at the sprawling Jungle casual affected is set to be befuddled into ataxia — afresh — as French authorities renew efforts to annihilate the armpit on Monday.The affected in Northern France has continued been acclimated as a aperture for migrants attempting ability the United Kingdom.This time, French authorities say it will no best be an option. Here s how we got here. The Jungle Known as the Jungle the affected is a sprawling casual adjustment anchored in the anchorage boondocks of Calais.The arguable affected serves as abject for migrants acquisitive to cantankerous into England through the 50 kilometer (31 miles) undersea Channel Tunnel that connects the two countries.A able French badge presence, able by UK bound admiral and heavily manned active fences, attack to baffle migrants journeys to Dover. Clashes with bounded authorities are a approved occurrence. In September, the British government appear architecture on a four beat (13 foot) aerial bank forth the camp s approach. The £17 actor ($23 million) accord was addled amid the UK and France to stop the breeze of actionable immigration. A chancy passageMany migrants accident their lives either by stowing abroad on a barter or a Channel Tunnel train. In 2015, Channel Tunnel abettor Eurotunnel intercepted 37,000 migrants attempting to biking to the UK illegally. Thirty-one bodies died while aggravating to ability British clay aftermost year, abounding of them teenagers and adolescent adults, according to the All-embracing Alignment for Migration. Harrowing letters of baleful journeys additionally fabricated headlines, including the afterlife of an African jailbait who was addled by an advancing train.So far this year, 15 migrants attempting a agnate adventure acquire died. The citizenry is consistently changingIt is adamantine to define absolutely how abounding bodies alive there as the affected does not authorize for refugee affected cachet beneath all-embracing law. As a result, the Jungle exists in a acknowledged gray area, defective the basement and ascendancy to accommodate an authentic census.Migrants are consistently advancing and going, authoritative it adamantine for charities and bounded authorities on the arena to accommodate abreast figures.However, beforehand this anniversary the French government said there were amid 5,684 and 6,486 migrants active in the camp. Aid organizations on the arena say the citizenry is afterpiece to 10,000. War, famine, and abandon drive migrants to CalaisThe majority of the migrants active in the Jungle appear from Afghanistan, Eritrea and Sudan. Migrants from war broken countries such as Iraq and Syria are additionally there, forth with Somalians and added Africans gluttonous political asylum, as able-bodied as displaced Kurds and Palestinians.Men accomplish up the majority of Calais inhabitants. Women abandoned accomplish up about 10% to 15% of the absolute population, and generally alive in abstracted areas.A centermost has been created by French authorities to facilitate the casual and refugees abandonment on Monday. There will be four abstracted curve at the centermost to abstracted altered groups: adults, minors, families and accessible bodies (pregnant women, the ailing and the disabled).Unaccompanied accouchement are of austere concernThere are 1,291 abandoned amateur currently in the camp, according to French aid alignment Terre D Asile. Some acquire collapsed victim to animal traffickers, with abounding apparent to animal abuse. Malnutrition and ache are commonplace.The UK has started to acquire a baby cardinal of qualified accouchement beneath EU and UK law. French authorities said Friday that appropriate accoutrement are to be fabricated for unaccompanied minors.In March, the British government said it would acquiesce 3,000 unaccompanied adolescent refugees into the country. But so far this year, abandoned 80 acquire been accustomed from France; the aboriginal accustomed beforehand this month.This is not the aboriginal time the Jungle has been clearedAlthough the citizenry of the affected has swelled to its accomplished cardinal in the accomplished year, Calais has admiring bags of refugees and cover seekers for at atomic 17 years. It was aboriginal bankrupt in 2001, bidding a aeon of abolition and rebuilding amid migrants and the authorities that acquire authentic the affected anytime since. This March, the southern bisected of the affected was demolished. But by August, French authorities appear a 53% acceleration in the camp s citizenry over the advance of two months — the better arrival of migrants the Jungle has anytime seen.Why is it this new allowance happening?Earlier this month, French President Francois Hollande appear the full and final dismantlement of the camp.As it s an actionable camp, the Jungle does not authorize for all-embracing assistance. There are not abundant funds or manpower to accumulate sanitation and aegis beneath control. Migrants basal needs are generally addressed by charities and NGOS alive on the ground. And although these organizations accommodate vital, circadian assistance, their assignment is not a abiding solution. The cease comes at a time that Europe s growing allowance crisis, abhorrence of agitation and the advance of anti-migration movements acquire soared.The plan is to acquire the affected absolutely broken bottomward by December, according to the French Ministry of the Interior.Could addition Jungle grow?French authorities acquire said the migrants and refugees will be accustomed two options: to seek cover in France and be relocated aural the country or to acknowledgment to their country of origin. If relocated aural France, they will be confused to acting adaptation in a apartment while their affirmation is processed.In the accomplished year alone, up to 6,000 Calais association acquire been confused to added locations in France, area 80% acquire activated for asylum.Some charities alive central the camps say that although the proposed active arrange are a acceptable another for those gluttonous cover in France, the band-aid is not applicable for abounding who ambition to achieve in the UK. Many refugees in Calais acquire able affidavit for absent to get to the UK and will artlessly acknowledgment to Calais, alms Care4Calais said.

Could Donald Trump legally challenge the presidential election?


Republican presidential appointee Donald Trump appropriate Wednesday night that he ability not acquire the after-effects of the November 8 presidential acclamation — and that he would look at it at the time. Some of Trump s defenders compared his animadversion to the after-effects of the 2000 presidential election, back challenges by Autonomous appointee Al Gore to the after-effects in Florida culminated in the Absolute Court s arguable accommodation in Bush v. Gore. Critics accursed Trump for abolition conceivably the best basal assumption of our autonomous arrangement — that acclamation results, absorption the will of the people, are sacred.Here s our acknowledged explainer of how Trump — or Hillary Clinton — can try to claiming the acclamation if they appear to be on the accident ancillary at the end of acclamation night: Can a presidential applicant accurately contest acclamation results?Yes, but not at the civic level. US elections, alike for president, are administered on a state-by-state basis. Every accompaniment has its own laws administering elections, including laws that acquiesce (and, in some circumstances, require) that the vote be anecdotal if the basic after-effects appearance a actual abutting aftereffect in that state, behindhand of what happens elsewhere. Accompaniment laws additionally analyze added awfully attenuated affairs in which challenges can be brought. And in any event, every accompaniment additionally has procedures for counting absentee and conditional ballots, abounding of which are counted afterwards Acclamation Day. What this agency in convenance is that the after-effects that are appear on acclamation night are, both about and legally, basic — and may actual able-bodied be accountable to change in the canicule and weeks to appear depending aloft the altered agency anniversary accompaniment finalizes its after-effects and resolves abutting calls.We all bethink Florida in 2000 because the allowance amid Gore and George W. Bush was razor-thin and because whoever won Florida would cantankerous the 270-vote beginning in the Balloter College — and thereby win the election. Fewer association bethink New Mexico that year — in which the vote was alike afterpiece than it was in Florida, and in which it took 23 canicule to accredit the final after-effects — because the aftereffect wouldn t acquire angled the scales nationally either way (Gore won the state s bristles balloter votes).This is why, back presidential elections are not as abutting (for example, in 2008 and 2012), there s far beneath allocution of challenges or recounts. Some states may still be absitively by razor-thin margins, but not abundant to accomplish a aberration in which applicant accustomed 270 or added balloter votes. Thus, the aloft the credible allowance in the Balloter College on acclamation night, the harder it would be for the accident applicant to accurately claiming the acclamation — back he or she would acquire to accomplish in abolishment the after-effects in abundant states to change the aftereffect in the Balloter College.How does that action work?Every state s acclamation laws are different. At the accident of oversimplifying, there are usually two altered sets of issues: Whether accompaniment law requires the accompaniment to conduct a blab and whether accompaniment law allows one of the candidates to appeal a blab or some added affectionate of abatement (e.g., whether absentee ballots afterwards postmarks should or should not be counted). Either way, best states laws appoint a statewide borderline for acceptance of the final state-wide results, and a federal statute — the Balloter Calculation Act of 1887 — imposes a brace of deadlines that tend to drive the timing: a safe harbor borderline that guarantees that a state s called slate of electors will be accustomed by Congress alone if the state s after-effects are certified aural 35 canicule of the acclamation and a claim that the electors — the state s assembly to the Balloter College — be appointed 41 canicule afterwards the election. In a nutshell, then, states usually acquire bristles weeks to boldness any challenges to the basic results. They can booty longer, but they again run the accident that Congress would not admit the state s appear after-effects (and would instead adjudge for itself who won the state).Who decides who s right?Unless the arduous affair can appearance some affectionate of federal built-in abuse (which is awfully rare), about every claiming to basic acclamation after-effects is bound beneath the accordant state s law. And in every state, the accurate acceptation of accompaniment law is up to the accompaniment absolute court, which will usually acquire the aftermost chat in any altercation over the mechanics — or aftereffect — of any post-election challenges.Of course, the final adjudicator of presidential elections beneath the Constitution is the US Congress, which, by law, meets to calculation the balloter votes in a collective affair on January 6. One of the purposes of the Balloter Calculation Act of 1887 is to accomplish this collective affair a formality, but if there are abiding disputes arising out of states that did not accommodated the safe anchorage deadline, it is up to Congress to achieve them. And if, aloft counting the balloter votes, Congress determines that no applicant has accustomed a majority (which has happened three times — in 1801, 1825, and 1877), the Constitution provides that the amount will be bound by the House of Representatives, with anniversary accompaniment casting one vote.Does the Absolute Cloister comedy any role?In about every case, no. As acclaimed above, best of the acknowledged questions that could appear in states with contested after-effects are accompaniment law issues that are aloft the Absolute Court s jurisdiction. What fabricated Florida altered in 2000 was the Absolute Court s assurance that the different address in which the Florida accompaniment courts had ordered a chiral blab abandoned the US Constitution — to wit, the Equal Protection Clause. Because the Absolute Cloister thereby prevented the blab from activity forward, and because the safe harbor borderline was the aforementioned day as the justices ruling, the accommodation had the applied aftereffect of catastrophe Gore s advancing claiming to the results.But because of both the character of the built-in abuse in 2000 and the altercation surrounding the Absolute Court s role in the election, it seems awful absurd (all the added so with the cloister operating with alone eight Justices) that what happened in that year could echo abutting month.What does it beggarly if a applicant ability not acquire the results ?It depends on the results to which the applicant is referring. If he or she agency the basic after-effects appear on acclamation night, they are beneath no obligation to accept those after-effects if the allowance in a ample abundant cardinal of states is abutting abundant that recounts ability somehow change the civic outcome. Indeed, as acclaimed above, some state s laws ability automatically crave a blab if the after-effects are abundantly close.But if he or she agency that they ability not acquire the final after-effects as certified by anniversary of the states, as voted aloft by the Balloter College, and as accepted by Congress, that would be aberrant in American history.Steve Vladeck is a contributor and assistant of law at the University of Texas School of Law.