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How the Kurdish question complicates the anti-ISIS alliance featured BR


Nowhere is the blowzy cartography of the action adjoin ISIS in Syria and Iraq added complicated than in the catechism of the Kurds.The United States supports Kurdish groups in both Syria and Iraq as analytical assets in the action adjoin the alarm group. Key US accessory Turkey in about-face considers one of those groups to be terrorists — and says it dead as abounding as 200 YPG fighters in airstrikes in al Bab, arctic Syria on Thursday.Turkish airstrikes hit Kurdish fighters in SyriaBut above the bound in Iraq, Turkey enjoys a abutting accord with the semi-autonomous Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) in the north. It alike has at atomic 1,000 troops stationed in arctic Iraq, training badge and volunteers for anti-ISIS operations with the absolution of the KRG — and abundant to the acrimony of Iraq s axial government, addition basic US ally.Confused? Let s breach it down.Who are the Kurds?The Kurds are an indigenous accumulation in the Average East who accept never had a nation accompaniment of their own, consistent in Kurdish nationalist movements above the region. They accomplish up a ample boyhood in a cardinal of Average Eastern nations, absolute about 10% of the citizenry in Syria, 18% in Turkey, 15-20% in Iraq, and about 10% in Iran. Kurdish fighters in arctic Iraq, accepted as Peshmerga, and in arctic Syria, accepted as the People s Protection Units or YPG, accept accurate some of the best able angry armament on the arena adjoin ISIS.Mosul: Best acute day of angry back abhorrent beganTurkey is aggressive Kurdish militantsFor decades, Turkey has been adverse a agitated affront from the Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK — a banned accumulation that aboriginal took up accoutrements adjoin Turkey in 1984, gluttonous an absolute accompaniment for the Kurdish boyhood concentrated in the southeast of the country.Tens of bags accept been dead in the conflict, which resumed in ardent afterwards a accord action burst in 2015.The PKK is advised a alarm accumulation by Turkey, the United States and the European Union. Turkey considers Syrian Kurdish fighters as terrorists, while its accessory the US supports themThe capital Kurdish militia force in arctic Syria, which lies on Turkey s southern border, are the People s Protection Units, or YPG, generally referred to as the armed addition of the Democratic Union Affair (PYD), a Syrian Kurdish action party.Turkey and others appearance the PYD and YPG as an adjunct of the PKK, duplicate from agitator accumulation banned in Turkey, says Fadi Hakura, a Turkey able at Chatham House. As such, he said, associates of the YPG are advised terrorists, and Ankara has formed to drive them from Syrian breadth forth its southern border, fearing that an accepted Kurdish accommodate there would ammunition drive for an absolute greater Kurdistan that could affirmation Turkish territory.When Turkish tanks formed into arctic Syria in August, their aggressive efforts were focused not aloof adjoin ISIS, but additionally the YPG — groups that were already angry anniversary other.The Kurdish anchorage in the average of Syria s warThe United States, on the added hand, draws a acumen amid the YPG and the banned PKK, accouterment cogent abutment to the Syrian Kurdish accumulation as a analytical angry force adjoin ISIS and added Islamist groups in airy arctic Syria. This has complicated the accord amid Washington and Ankara, its NATO accessory and key accomplice in the action adjoin ISIS.For their part, the YPG/PYD accede that they draw afflatus from confined PKK baton Abdullah Ocalan, but are accurate not to articulation themselves openly to the banned group, says Hakura.But Turkey has a acceptable accord with Iraq s KurdsDespite Turkey s tensions with Kurds at home and in Syria, it enjoys abutting bread-and-butter and political ties with Kurdish authorities in arctic Iraq, which lies to Turkey s southeast.The Kurdistan Regional Government, a semi-autonomous administering which presides over the predominantly Kurdish arena of arctic Iraq — with the ability of the Peshmerga military, a key force in the action for Mosul, abaft it — has developed a deepening accord with Turkey in contempo years, says Hakura.Among added things, the KRG had accepted an important consign bazaar for Turkish products, and a growing antecedent of activity for Ankara. And the KRG s nationalist calendar was beheld by Ankara as beneath of a blackmail to its interests than that of Syria s Kurds, says Hakura. For one thing, there was added affection amid Kurds in Turkey for the PKK and PYD than there was for the KRG, he said. Turkey s activity is that the KRG does not accept territorial aspirations in Turkey itself, compared to the PKK and YPG, he said. Will Turkey s bang on Syrian Kurds affect accord with KRG?While both the KRG and the PKK anchorage Kurdish nationalist aspirations, the accord amid the groups has waxed and waned over the years, says Hakura. In contempo times, the accord has beneath as the KRG s ties with Turkey accept grown. At times, they ve enjoyed an accord of accessibility breadth their interests converged, said Hakura.The two movements axis from absolutely altered political traditions — the PKK an anti-feudal, nationalist movement, the KRG operating according to a added affiliated archetypal of babyminding — and there accept been tensions amid KRG President Massoud Barzani and Ocalan.As such, Turkey s strikes on Kurdish militants in arctic Syria Thursday were absurd to affect Ankara s accord with the KRG. Ankara says 160 to 200 Kurdish fighters were killed, although the HDP, a predominantly Kurdish political affair in Turkey, says 14 bodies died. I agnosticism that the KRG will accurate any anger above rhetoric, said Hakura. They will abstain any breach with Ankara. Turkey s aggressive abutment for the KRG has angered addition US accessory That relationship, amid Ankara and the KRG, has accurate addition burden point complicating anti-ISIS efforts in contempo times, with Iraq — addition basic accessory in the action — aghast to the attendance of Turkish troops in arctic Iraq.The troops accept been at a affected in Bashiqa, abreast Mosul, training badge and volunteers for the action adjoin ISIS beneath an acceding with the KRG. Baghdad has objected to their presence, adage they are there after the axial government s permission, but Turkey has insisted on the angary of its pale in the approaching of the region, fueling tensions amid the countries.While the Peshmerga are a ample allotment of the operation to drive ISIS from its bastion in Mosul, arctic Iraq, Baghdad is black about claiming to its ascendancy presented by the Turkish troops attendance — and ultimately is anxious about the ability aspirations of the KRG, says Hakura.For Ankara, said Hakura, the troop attendance is about accretion its access in arctic Iraq and allowance to appearance the aftereffect of the action there — an breadth that is heavily Sunni, like Turkey, and has a ample association of Turkmen, a accumulation ethnically accompanying to the Turks.

Source: ISIS executes hundreds of Mosul area residents featured BR


ISIS accomplished 284 men and boys as affiliation armament bankrupt in on Mosul, an Iraqi intelligence antecedent told .Those asleep Thursday and Friday had been angled up abreast and in the burghal for use as animal bouncer adjoin attacks that are banishment ISIS out of the southern sections of Mosul, the antecedent explained. ISIS acclimated a annoyer to dump the corpses in a accumulation grave at the arena of the executions — Mosul s asleep College of Agriculture in the arctic of the city, the intelligence antecedent said.The victims were all attempt and some were children, said the source, who capital anonymity because he is not accustomed to allege to the media. could not apart affirm the claim.Latest developments• Iraqi army troops beforehand adjoin the boondocks of Tal Kayf to storm it.• A ample calibration abhorrent is launched aboriginal Saturday to re-take al-Hamdaniya.• US Secretary of Aegis Ash Carter arrives in Baghdad on Saturday on an unannounced visit.UN gravely worried over animal absorber use The United Nations said Friday it is gravely worried that ISIS has taken 550 families from villages about Mosul and is application them as animal bouncer as Iraqi and Kurdish armament action the alarm accumulation for ascendancy of Iraq s second-largest city.Two hundred families from Samalia apple and 350 families from Najafia were affected out Monday and taken to Mosul in what appears to be an credible action by ISIS to anticipate civilians escaping, Ravina Shamdasani, agent backer for the UN Animal Rights Office, told .Zeid Ra ad Al Hussein, UN High Commissioner for Animal Rights, said his appointment had affirmation of several instances back Monday area ISIS affected civilians to leave their homes in afar villages and arch to Mosul. It additionally had accustomed letters that civilians doubtable of apostasy had been attempt dead. We are acutely afraid by letters that (ISIS) is application civilians in and about Mosul as animal bouncer as the Iraqi armament advance, befitting civilians abutting to their offices or places area fighters are located, which may aftereffect in noncombatant casualties, Hussein said. There is a grave crisis that (ISIS) fighters will not alone use such accessible bodies as animal bouncer but may opt to annihilate them rather than see them liberated, he said.His appointment is analytical letters that ISIS attempt asleep at atomic 40 civilians in a apple alfresco Mosul. Any ISIS fighters who are captured or surrendered should be captivated answerable in accordance with the law for any crimes they accept committed, he said.Iraqi armament move on al-HamdaniyaThe Iraqi aggressive launched a ample abhorrent aboriginal Saturday to balance al-Hamdaniya city– additionally accepted as Qaraqosh — from ISIS, the Iraqi Joint Operations Command centermost said in a statement. Al-Hamdaniya burghal is about 15 kilometers (nine miles) southeast of Mosul.Iraqi troops entered the al-Askary adjacency and absolved the mayor s architecture and the city s capital hospital, and aloft the Iraqi banderole over these buildings, said Lt Gen. Qassim al-Maliky. At atomic 50 ISIS militants were asleep and some of their accessories destroyed by Iraqi troop advancement, he added.Tal Kayf is abutting targetIraqi troops are additionally advancing adjoin Tal Kayf boondocks and plan on affronted it, the Iraqi Joint Operations Command said Saturday. The Chaldean boondocks of Tal Kayf is about 10 kilometers (six miles) arctic of Mosul. assay indicates this is the abutting Iraqi Aegis Armament accept appear yet to the burghal of Mosul.US aegis arch pays a visitUS Secretary of Aegis Ash Carter accustomed in Baghdad on Saturday on an unannounced visit.Carter is accepted to accept an amend on the Mosul abhorrent and accommodated with Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi afore accessory a troop event.US armament in Iraq are accouterment air abutment for the Mosul operation as allotment of an all-embracing coalition. US appropriate operations armament are additionally advising Iraqi and Kurdish units on the ground.What s accident in Mosul? Clashes in Kirkuk, LaylanAt atomic 40 bodies were asleep and 76 others wounded, the majority of them aegis forces, in attacks by ISIS on several neighborhoods in Kirkuk back Friday, several aegis sources told on Saturday. ISIS fighters targeted four badge stations and Kurdish aegis offices Friday, overextension themselves out through several neighborhoods. Kirkuk is 175 kilometers (109 miles) southeast of Mosul.The media addition of ISIS, Amaq, said online that ISIS fighters had attacked Kirkuk afore aurora and taken ascendancy of 10 neighborhoods as able-bodied as agitated out attacks to the arctic and south of the city.Previous attacks by ISIS militants on Kirkuk accept been attempts either to abduction the burghal from the Peshmerga, as the Kurdish fighters are known, or alter Kurdish troops from the action in Mosul. ISIS militants additionally approved to access Laylan town, 20 kilometers (12 miles) east of Kirkuk, but Peshmerga forces, Kirkuk badge admiral and Shiite Turkman paramilitary armament affianced with them, killing nine of the attackers, Mohammed Wais, the ambassador of Laylan town, told . Some associates of the aegis armament were afflicted during this attack, amid them the administrator of the Turkman paramilitary forces, Wais added.About 4,000 families are housed in four camps for internally displaced bodies in Laylan, said Ammar Sabah, administrator of the Displacement and Migration Department in Kirkuk. The best acceptable acumen for the attacks in Kirkuk is disruption, with ISIS demonstrating it can arrange assets far abaft the advanced lines, s Michael Holmes said abreast Mosul.How the Kurdish question complicates action adjoin ISIS s Mohammed Tawfeeq, Sebastian Shukla, Ross Levitt, Lonzo Cook and Karen Smith contributed to this report.

Clinton keeps up pressure on Trump by adding staffers in Utah


Hillary Clinton s attack has added added staffers to their operation in commonly red Utah, a antecedent with ability of the moves tells .Five new staffers will alpha assignment in Utah aboriginal abutting week, according to the source, and visits from surrogates will access in the final weeks of the campaign.The moves arresting a growing aplomb that Utah, a accompaniment that has not voted for a Democrat in the presidential acclamation back 1964, could end up in Clinton s cavalcade on Acclamation Day.Clinton s attack has eyed Utah as a accessible amplification accompaniment for months, accustomed Donald Trump s struggles with Mormon voters and the success of third-party applicant Evan McMullin. These moves, aboriginal appear by Buzzfeed, are aloof the latest footfall in their accomplishment to about-face the accompaniment blue.McMullin billow threatens to clasp Trump s already attenuated aisle to victoryClinton s attack has organized a Mormons for Hillary accumulation in the accompaniment and opened an appointment in Salt Lake City beforehand this year.The above secretary of state s aperture blast in the Beehive Accompaniment was an op-ed appear by the Deseret News, a cardboard endemic by the Mormon church.Clinton nods to the church s history of animality in her op-ed, acquainted that added Mormons accept compared Trump s comments to when Missouri Gov. Lilburn Boggs singled out Mormons in his abominable annihilation adjustment of 1838 and President Rutherford B. Hayes attack to absolute Mormon clearing to America in 1879. To the abruptness of both Democrats and Republicans in the state, acclamation appearance a bound chase amid Trump, Clinton and McMullin.A Y2 Analytics poll, appear aboriginal by the Deseret News aftermost week, begin both Clinton and Trump at 26% amid acceptable Utah voters, with McMullin at 22% and Libertarian Gary Johnson at 14%.McMullin, a Mormon, was a backward aspirant to the presidential chase and has focused on Utah, area he was born. It s one of the few scattering of states area the above CIA agent will be on the election in November.Clinton has yet to appointment Utah as a applicant and aides accept said that there are currently no affairs for her to appointment the state. Clinton s attack is additionally not on the air in Utah.