The above badge arch of the Mexican burghal of Iguala — area 43 acceptance abolished two years ago — was arrested Friday in affiliation with the case, according to Mexico s National Security Commission s Twitter page.Felipe Flores Vazquez, who had been approved back the acceptance went missing, had been labeled as one of the probable masterminds of the dematerialization by then-Attorney General Jesus Murillo Karam.Karam said in November 2014 that the acceptance were abducted on orders of a bounded mayor, angry over to a assemblage who dead them, austere their bodies in a landfill and tossed the charcoal into a river.Of the missing 43, authorities accept been able to analyze the charcoal of one.
The above badge arch of the Mexican burghal of Iguala — area 43 acceptance abolished two years ago — was arrested Friday in affiliation with the case, according to Mexico s National Security Commission s official Twitter page. Felipe Flores Vazquez, who had been approved back the acceptance went missing, had been labeled as one of the probable masterminds of the dematerialization by then-Attorney General Jesus Murillo Karam. Karam said in November 2014 that the acceptance were abducted on orders of a bounded mayor, angry over to a assemblage who dead them, austere their bodies in a landfill and tossed the charcoal into a adjacent river.Developing adventure – added to come
Thousands of bodies cutting atramentous clothes braved the torrential rain in Buenos Aires to beef the abduction and killing of a 16-year-old babe in Argentina. Protesters alleged it Atramentous Wednesday, and angry it into a day to appeal an end to abandon adjoin women nationwide. Lucia Perez was abducted alfresco her academy in Mar del Plata on October 8. She was drugged, again raped and sodomized with an unspecified object so berserk that she eventually bled out from her centralized injuries. Three suspects accept been arrested and are still in custody. We re fed up! The prosecutor on the case, MarÃa Isabel SÃ¡nchez, told Telam account bureau that the assailants done her anatomy and bankrupt her accouterment afore bottomward her off at a bounded dispensary — and active away. We can all be accessible and ache what happened to this babe — all of us, our absolute gender, said Gergina Elcano, a demonstrator in Buenos Aires.Another protester, Mariela Arri, said these incidents are not a coincidence. This is gender abandon and it s institutionalized, again it repeats itself in abate settings, amid families, Arri said. Demonstrations were captivated in 80 cities in Argentina, and 58 others common abutting in, according to the state-run account agency. In Madrid, women chanted We re not crazy, we re not abashed — we re fed up! Men angle in solidarityPerez s adventure has brought absorption to abandon adjoin women in Latin America. Under the hashtag #NiUnaMenos, or not one less, and #VivasNosQueremos, or we appetite to live, posts on amusing media from all over the apple appearance women and men continuing in adherence with the horrors that the jailbait and her ancestors went through. Perez s brother, Matias, appear an accessible letter on his Facebook via annual La Garganta Poderosa, adage the ancestors is accepting afterlife threats. I would accept admired to broadcast forth with this letter a photo of me bedlam with my sister. Or a photo of her, adhering my parents. But no, we can t … because while we try to activity that she was dead the way she was, we accept to activity the afterlife threats that abatement on all of us, the letter reads. Matias apprenticed activity to stop attacks adjoin women. This time, gender abandon affected Lucia, but the abutting time it could be you, or the being you adulation best in this world. We accept to be able and get out into the street, scream all together, now added than ever: not one less. UNICEF Argentina acquaint a alternation of tweets on the incident. All women, including girls and teenagers, accept the appropriate to a activity chargeless of abandon #notoneless, the UN children s bureau said in one of its tweets.
Human rights accumulation Amnesty International has accused Iraqi armament and paramilitary groups of ache and actionable killings in their battles adjoin ISIS and warned that animus attacks and rights violations charge not be afresh in the operation to chargeless Mosul.Amnesty fabricated the accusations in a anathema 71-page abode Tuesday, a day afterwards an abhorrent led by Iraqi armament was launched to chargeless the burghal of Mosul from added than two years of ISIS rule.The report, Punished for Daesh s Crimes, alleges Iraqi aegis armament and some paramilitary groups beneath the Popular Mobilization Units (PMU) awning agitated out accepted ache and extrajudicial killings in battles to chargeless cities — including Falluja this year and Tikrit in 2015 — from ISIS control. Daesh is the Arabic acronym for ISIS.The corruption generally targeted Sunni-Arab men in credible revenge for attacks by ISIS, the abode said. Abounding of these abuses were committed by Shia groups from the PMU, the abode claimed.Battle for Mosul could displace 1 actor people As the action to balance Mosul gets underway, it is acute that the Iraqi authorities booty accomplish to ensure these alarming abuses do not appear again, said Philip Luther, Amnesty s analysis and advancement administrator for the Middle East and North Africa. The Iraqi authorities charge exercise able command and ascendancy over militias, and they charge ensure that cadre active in accomplished violations do not booty allotment in the Mosul operations. In acknowledgment to Amnesty s allegations, Iraq s prime minister, Haider Al Abadi, told a columnist conference that he was acquainted of the report, saying: I haven t apprehend it. We accept accustomed a college board to attending into these violations, if they exist. The Kurdistan Regional Government said it has been alive with Amnesty International for several months to abode these claims — accurately the abolition of homes, brake of movement by civilians and the administrative process. A KRG agent accepted that some admiral had been punished for the array of offenses listed by Amnesty. He added that the Iraqi Kurdish President Massoud Barzani and added admiral had met with Amnesty assembly and were committed to investigating such allegations. Why the action for Mosul affairs in the action adjoin ISISThe abode — based predominantly on interviews with 470 bodies in July and August — declared several cases of corruption and ache of detainees in counter-ISIS operations. The corruption included electric shocks, beatings with metal confined and pipes, and threats of abduction directed adjoin changeable ancestors — all afore the administrative action began, the abode said. In the action for Falluja, the abode said at atomic 12 men and four boys were accomplished May 30 afterwards beat angry in al-Sijir. According to survivors quoted in the report, they had handed themselves over to armed men in aggressive and Federal Police uniforms and were told to band up and advance advanced afore actuality attempt dead. At atomic 73 added men and boys from the Jumaila association in al-Sijir abide unaccounted for.In addition case, PMU militias abducted, bent and dead men and boys from the al-Mehemda association from Saqlawiya in June this year, and at atomic 643 men abide missing, the abode said, citation allegation by a government analytic committee. I was apprenticed to the yellow house at night and put in a allowance of about 4m x 5m with tens of others. There was claret on the walls. Ache started immediately, Amnesty quoted a survivor as saying. They hit us with annihilation they could lay their easily on, metal rods, shovels, pipes, cables. They absolved on top of us with their boots. They angered us, and said that this was aftereffect … (for the 2014 Camp Speicher massacre). I saw two bodies die afore my eyes, the survivor continued.A agent for the PMU — accepted in Arabic as the Hashd Al-Shaabi — denied the allegations in the Amnesty report. The abode is based on advice the accumulation had aggregate from some politicians with agendas in adjustment to accord bad acceptability to the Hashd Al-Shaabi who played key cycle on liberating towns and burghal from ISIS, said agent Hassan al-Sari. He criticized Amnesty for absolution the abode as Iraqi aegis armament and paramilitary armament are angry to deliver Mosul, calling it amiss timing. ISIS hanged as abounding as 1,700 men in the Camp Speicher massacre, at what was aforetime a US aggressive abject abreast Tikrit.
Abuja, Nigeria The 21 Chibok schoolgirls kidnapped and appear by agitator accumulation Boko Haram were reunited with their families amidst bawling scenes on Sunday. At a commemoration in Nigeria s basic Abuja, parents were affected with affect as they laid eyes on their missing daughters for the aboriginal time in two-and-a-half years. They afraid their daughters, some in disbelief, as tears streamed bottomward their faces. One mother alike beggared her babe assimilate her aback and agitated her like a baby. Negotiations will abide Monday to chargeless the actual girls, but sources acquaint that alone 83 out of the 197 larboard are actuality adjourned for. Alliance too backward for some Goni Mutah, whose babe Asabe was kidnapped forth with 276 others from her academy in April 2014, told he was very happy to see his daughter, now 22. However his beatitude was bittersweet, he said, as his niece Margaret was additionally kidnapped on that acute day — one of the 197 girls still missing. Mutah added that Margaret s mother, his ancient sister, died aftermost year afterwards developing a aerial claret burden and acceptable fatigued afterward her daughter s kidnapping. At atomic 14 of the parents of the missing girls accept died aback their kidnapping. One of them was attempt asleep by Boko Haram militants in a arrest on his apple in September. Mutah said: I was actual blessed to see my babe but I m additionally praying for the added babe to be released. I asked Asabe about her sister and if she was alive. I asked her bristles times to be sure. I capital to apperceive the accuracy if she s animate or if she s been affiliated off to Boko Haram. But she told me she s alive. I m praying she will appear aback soon. Hope for those actual Earlier, a abbey account was organized by the Nigerian government for the schoolgirls. The girls, who had been forcibly adapted to Islam by the agitator group, fabricated a point of captivation up their bibles to announce their abandon of worship. But the alliance was brave with anguish for a scattering of parents whose daughters abide in captivity. Yana Galang could not adumbrate her disappointment as she wept for her abducted babe Rifkatu. In April, Galang accompanied two of the mothers whose daughters were featured in the affidavit of activity video alone acquired by . Galang s ache was additionally axiomatic again as that video did not affection her missing daughter. Tsambido Hosea, a association baton acting on account of the missing girls parents told : Some of the parents whose daughters did not appear aback were actual upset, but they are hopeful because they apperceive talks are continuing for added girls to be released. We told them to booty affection and we are praying with them. #BringBackOurGirls two years on The kidnapping at a boarding academy in Chibok, Nigeria, two years ago prompted all-around abstracts such as Pakistani apprenticeship activist Malala Yousafzai and US aboriginal adult Michelle Obama to abutment a #BringBackOurGirls attack on amusing media.Opinion: #BringBackOurGirls — why we should all feel abashment As abounding as 57 girls able about immediately. Another girl, Amina Ali Nkeki, was begin on the outskirts of Sambisa backwoods in May. She was with a man she had affiliated in bondage — allegedly a Boko Haram fighter — and their babyish daughter. The man, who told a attestant that he, too, had been kidnapped by Boko Haram, was bedfast by Nigeria s military.
Here s a attending at the action of Elizabeth Smart, children s apostle and kidnapping survivor.Personal:Birth date: November 3, 1987Birth name: Elizabeth Ann Smart Father: Ed Smart, real-estate and mortgage brokerMother: Lois SmartMarriage: Matthew Gilmour (February 18, 2012-present)Children: ChloeEducation: Attended Brigham Young University, majoring in music.Religion: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day SaintsOther Facts:According to books and account stories, anon afterwards her abduction, Smart was kept at a bivouac a few afar from her home. She was sometimes tethered to a timberline or hidden in a hole. She already heard her uncle calling for her, but was clumsy to answer.She met her bedmate back they were on their missionary assignments in Paris, France.Timeline:June 5, 2002 – Fourteen-year-old Elizabeth Anne Smart is abducted from the bedchamber of her home in the Federal Heights adjacency of Salt Lake City, Utah, by Brian David Mitchell and Wanda Eileen Barzee. Her adolescent sister, Mary Katherine, is the alone witness.July 24, 2002 – Mitchell allegedly attempts to kidnap Smart s cousin, Jessica Wright, but is unsuccessful.October 2002 – Mary Katherine Smart tells her parents that she believes the kidnapper ability accept been a man called Immanuel who formed at their home for one day in November of 2001.October 2002-March 2003 – Mitchell and Barzee booty Smart to San Diego area they affected out and panhandle.February 3, 2003 – Police absolution a account of the drifter, Immanuel. February 2003 – The account and advice is profiled on the TV affairs America s Most Wanted. March 12, 2003 – Smart is begin alive, walking bottomward a artery with Mitchell and Barzee in Sandy, Utah, bristles afar from her home.March 18, 2003 – Both Mitchell and Barzee are answerable with six abomination counts, including aggravated burglary, aggravated kidnapping, aggravated animal advance and two accuse for allegedly aggravating to breach into the home of Smart s cousin, Jessica Wright.April 30, 2003 – Smart and her ancestors accommodated with President George W. Bush at the White House. Bush signs a adolescent aegis bill auspicious states to authorize Amber Alert systems to bound column advice about adolescent abductions.October 24, 2003 – Smart appears in her aboriginal televised interview. Katie Couric, of NBC, speaks with her in an hour-long, primetime program.October 28, 2003 – The book, Bringing Elizabeth Home: A Journey of Faith and Hope, a accord amid Elizabeth Smart, her ancestor Ed Smart and columnist Laura Morton, is released.November 9, 2003 – CBS affectedness The Elizabeth Smart Story, a TV cine about her affliction from the point-of-view of her parents.January 9, 2004 – Wanda Barzee, one of Smart s declared captors, is begin amateur to angle balloon and is beatific to Utah Accompaniment Hospital for added review.September 2, 2004 – In a Salt Lake City courtroom, Mitchell pleads not accusable to kidnapping and bristles added charges.February 16, 2005 – Mitchell is removed from a attorneys for singing during a adequacy hearing.July 26, 2005 – A adjudicator rules that Mitchell is mentally amateur to angle trial. He is beatific to Utah Accompaniment Hospital.Fall 2006 – Smart starts academy at Brigham Young University.December 18, 2006 – Mitchell is afresh begin mentally unfit to angle balloon afterwards agreeable outbursts in the courtroom.March 7, 2008 – A federal admirable board indicts Mitchell and Barzee with one calculation of actionable busline of a accessory beyond accompaniment curve and one calculation of artery kidnapping. The counts both backpack a best amends of action in prison.May 21, 2008 – Smart and four added kidnapping survivors broadcast a Department of Justice pamphlet, You re Not Alone: The Journey from Abduction to Empowerment. October 24, 2008 – A federal judge, US Magistrate Adjudicator Samuel Alba, enters a not accusable appeal on account of Mitchell. Mitchell is removed from the attorneys afterwards he begins singing hymns.September 2009 – Smart receives her mission alarm letter and is actuality beatific to Paris, according to the Deseret News, a church-owned newspaper.September 28, 2009 – A US District Cloister adjudicator rules that Smart can affirm about her kidnapping and affliction with Mitchell.October 1, 2009 – Smart testifies adjoin Mitchell in a audition to actuate his competency.November 17, 2009 – Barzee pleads accusable to kidnapping and actionable busline of a accessory and agrees to abet in accompaniment and federal cases adjoin Mitchell.May 21, 2010 – Barzee is bedevilled to 15 years in prison.October 26, 2010 – US District Adjudicator Dale Kimball denies motion filed by attorneys for Mitchell to adjournment the kidnapping trial.November 1, 2010 – Mitchell s balloon on kidnapping accuse begins.November 8-10, 2010 – Smart testifies adjoin Mitchell, anecdotic her nine months of captivity.December 10, 2010 – Jurors in a Utah cloister acquisition Brian David Mitchell accusable of kidnapping and the actionable busline of a accessory with absorbed to appoint in animal activity.May 25, 2011 – US District Adjudicator Dale Kimball sentences Brian David Mitchell to action in prison.2011 – Smart establishes the Elizabeth Smart Foundation to advice advance the Internet Crimes Adjoin Children Task Force organized for law administration agencies.July 7, 2011 – ABC Account announces that it has assassin Smart as a contributor to animadversion on missing bodies cases.February 18, 2012 – Smart marries Matthew Gilmour at a Mormon temple on the Hawaiian island of Oahu.October 7, 2013 – Smart s memoir, My Story, is released. She says the book tells 100% of her 9-month-long ordeal.
Here s a attending at Boko Haram, a active Islamic accumulation animate out of Nigeria, whose purpose is to convention Sharia, or Islamic law. Facts:In the bounded Hausa dialect, Boko Haram agency Western apprenticeship is forbidden. The accumulation additionally refers to itself as Jama atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda awati Wal-Jihad, acceptation People Committed to the Propagation of the Prophet s Teachings and Jihad. Boko Haram militants mainly abide areas in the arctic states of Nigeria, accurately Yobe, Kano, Bauchi, Borno and Kaduna. Originally, Boko Haram was referred to locally as the Nigerian Taliban because of their religious similarities to the Taliban.Boko Haram does not appoint in Nigeria s political arrangement out of an adherence to a fundamentalist anatomy of Islam, which forbids accord unless the arrangement is based on Sharia, or Islamic law. Timeline:2002 – The group, which may accept existed back the backward 1990s, organizes beneath the Muslim apostolic Mohammed Yusuf. It is centered in Maiduguri, the basic of the northeastern accompaniment of Borno. December 2003 – The aboriginal accustomed advance by Boko Haram includes about 200 militants, who advance assorted badge stations in the accompaniment of Yobe, abreast the Niger border.July 2009 – The Boko Haram insurgence begins in Bauchi and spreads to the states of Borno, Kano and Yobe. The active accumulation kills array of badge officers. A collective aggressive assignment force responds, abrogation added than 700 Boko Haram associates asleep and its operational abbey destroyed. The insurgence ends back badge abduction the group s leader, Mohammed Yusuf. His deputy, Abubakar Shekau, reportedly dies in the uprising. Yusuf afterwards dies in badge custody; badge say he is attempt during an attempted escape, but Boko Haram claims it is an extrajudicial execution. July 2010 – Boko Haram releases a video account in which Yusuf s agent who allegedly died the antecedent year, Abubakar Shekau, claims to be the baton of the group.September 7, 2010 – In the accompaniment of Bauchi, 50 Boko Haram militants advance a prison, killing bristles bodies and absolution added than 700 inmates.May 29, 2011 – The day of President Goodluck Jonathan s inauguration, Boko Haram detonates three IEDs abreast a aggressive billet in the burghal of Bauchi in Bauchi State. At atomic 10 bodies die in the attack. August 25, 2011 – Twelve bodies die afterwards Boko Haram militants advance a badge abject and two banks in the burghal of Gombi in Adamawa. August 26, 2011 – Boko Haram attacks the United Nations admixture in Abuja. A car bomb kills 23 bodies and injures added than 75 others.November 4, 2011 – Added than 100 die in assorted attacks in Yobo, Damaturu and Borno states. Boko Haram militants advance IEDs and vehicle-borne IEDs to ambition aegis armament and their offices, markets and 11 churches. January 2012 – A anew formed splinter group, accustomed as Ansaru, announces Abu Usmatul Al-Ansari as its leader. January 20, 2012 – Added than 200 bodies are asleep back Boko Haram launches accommodating attacks targeting police, military, a bastille and added targets in the burghal of Kano in Kano State.August 23, 2012 – Unverified media letters affirmation that Boko Haram has amorphous accord talks with the Nigerian government. Boko Haram agent Abu Qa Qa warns the media adjoin authoritative any added claims, We are cogent the government to accept that if it is not accessible to embrace Sharia and the Quran as the allegorical book from which the laws of the acreage derive, there shall be no peace… [and media agencies] should accept that for us there is no aberration amid those angry with accoutrements and with the pen. February 19, 2013 – Militants alleging to be Boko Haram kidnap a French ancestors of seven in a civic esplanade in arctic Cameroon; however, the amalgamation with Boko Haram can not be verified. The ancestors is afterwards released. April 2013 – President Goodluck Jonathan states he has appointed a aggregation to analyze the achievability of absolution for Islamist militants. Shekau responds in an audio statement: Surprisingly the Nigerian government is talking about acceding us amnesty. What amiss accept we done? On the contrary, it is we that should admission you pardon. April 19, 2013 – Boko Haram battles with bunch aegis armament from Niger, Nigeria and Chad in the burghal of Baga in Borno State, abrogation about 200 bodies dead, including abounding civilians. Shekau releases a video in May adage Boko Haram is not amenable for the noncombatant deaths. May 15, 2013 – Nigeria s Ministry of Defence announces a aggressive abhorrent has amorphous in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe to rid the nation s bound territories of agitator bases and activities. June 4, 2013 – President Jonathan approves the proscription of Boko Haram and splinter accumulation Ansaru as agitator organizations.June 2013 – Boko Haram targets churches in assorted states on three Sundays in a row, abrogation added than 50 bodies dead. August 14, 2013 – The Ministry of Defence announces the afterlife of Boko Haram s second-in-command, Momodu Baba (known as Abu Saad). August 19, 2013 – Nigeria s arch army agent claims Shekau may accept died afterwards an advance on June 30, but the affirmation is never verified. September 17, 2013 – Boko Haram gunmen dress in aggressive uniforms and date a affected checkpoint abreast Benisheik in Borno, active travelers and afire vehicles, abrogation at atomic 143 bodies dead. September 25, 2013 – A man claiming to be Shekau appears in a video and says that he is, in fact, animate and well. However, his character is not verified. November 13, 2013 – The US Accompaniment Department adds Boko Haram and Ansaru to its account of agitator organizations. January 26, 2014 – At atomic 45 are asleep in a bazaar in Kawuri in Borno afterwards Boko Haram militants accessible fire. February 11, 2014 – At atomic 23 bodies are asleep back doubtable Boko Haram militants bake houses in the apple of Konduga, according to the governor of Borno state.April 14, 2014 – Boko Haram militants kidnap about 276 boyish girls from a boarding academy in Chibok in Borno. Officials there say some of the girls were able to escape. May 5, 2014 – In a video statement, a man claiming to be Shekau says, I abducted your girls. I will advertise them in the market, by Allah…there is a bazaar for affairs humans. Allah says I should sell. He commands me to sell. I will advertise women. I advertise women. May 13, 2014 – Hundreds of Boko Haram militants storm three villages in the accompaniment of Borno. Villagers resist, killing added than 200 Boko Haram fighters. May 20, 2014 – Twin blasts in the burghal of Jos annihilate 118 bodies at a market. Nigerian authorities call the blasts as terrorist activities but abatement to brainstorm on who ability be responsible.May 21, 2014 – The White House announces that the United States has beatific 80 troops to Chad to advice chase for the kidnapped schoolgirls. May 22, 2014 – The UN Aegis Council adds Boko Haram to its sanctions list.June 3-4, 2014 – Hundreds of bodies are asleep in raids by Boko Haram Islamic militants in the accompaniment of Borno, with some sources putting the afterlife assessment at 400 to 500.June 7-8, 2014 – Doubtable Boko Haram militants kidnap at atomic 20 adolescent women over a weekend in the northeastern Nigeria apple of Garkin Fulani, 8 kilometers from a boondocks area added than 200 schoolgirls were taken about two months earlier.June 18-22, 2014 – Boko Haram militants authority the apple of Kummabza in Borno state, northeastern Nigeria, earnest for four days. They abduct added than 60 females, including children, and annihilate 30 men in the raid.July 7, 2014 – Sources say at atomic 57 girls kidnapped by Boko Haram aftermost ages from the Kummabza apple in arctic Borno state, accept able from their captors and alternate to their village. Boko Haram is still believed to be captivation about 200 schoolgirls abducted April 14 from a boarding academy in the boondocks of Chibok.July 17-20, 2014 – Boko Haram raids the Nigerian boondocks of Damboa. By the time the arrest ends, 66 association accept been asleep and added than 15,000 accept fled.October 16, 2014 – The Nigerian government announces it has accomplished a armistice acceding with the Islamist alarm accumulation that includes the promised absolution of added than 200 kidnapped schoolgirls.November 1, 2014 – In a video, the group s baton denies the Nigerian government s affirmation of a ceasefire.January 3, 2015 – A multi-day arrest begins, area hundreds of Boko Haram gunmen appropriate the boondocks of Baga and adjoining villages in arctic Nigeria, as able-bodied as a bunch aggressive base, abrogation bodies broadcast everywhere and as abounding as 2,000 bodies feared dead.January 10-11, 2015 – At atomic 20 are asleep and 18 afflicted in Maiduguri afterwards explosives beggared to a babe are detonated at a barter screening checkpoint. At atomic three are asleep and 43 afflicted afterwards two suicide bombs, beggared to girls, bang in a adaptable buzz bazaar in Potiskum. Boko Haram is doubtable as actuality abaft the attacks. March 2, 2015 – Boko Haram releases a video assuming the credible beheadings of two men they doubtable of actuality spies. March 7, 2015 – In an audio bulletin purportedly from baton Abubakar Shekau, Boko Haram pledges adherence to ISIS, the Islamic active accumulation which controls areas of Iraq and Syria, and is accustomed for its abominable executions. March 12, 2015 – In an audio bulletin purportedly from an ISIS spokesman, the accumulation announces that the caliphate has broadcast to western Africa and that ISIS baton Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has accustomed Boko Haram s agreement of allegiance. On the aforementioned day, ISIS assault up the Iraqi army address arctic of Ramadi, killing at atomic 40 Iraqi soldiers. April 25-26, 2015 – The addle corpses of at atomic 400 men, women and accouchement are begin in shallow, accumulation graves and on the streets of Damasak in northeastern Nigeria. Due to a collective Nigerian-Chadian aggressive operation, the boondocks has afresh been freed of Boko Haram, which bedeviled the boondocks in November. April 28-April 30, 2015 – Nigerian troops accomplishment about 450 women and girls in the Sambisa Forest during a aggressive operation centered about antibacterial Boko Haram camps and rescuing civilians. According to the military, none of those rescued accept been articular as the Chibok schoolgirls kidnapped aftermost April. July 1, 2015 – Boko Haram militants arrest three villages in the northeastern Nigerian accompaniment of Borno, killing at atomic 145 people, according to witnesses.September 3, 2015 – An estimated 30 bodies are asleep and 145 afflicted afterwards Boko Haram militants advance a awash bazaar in Kerawa, Cameroon and an dispensary abreast a Cameroonian aggressive camp, according to Cameroonian aggressive agent Col. Didier Badjeck.September 23, 2015 – 241 women and accouchement are rescued and 43 Boko Haram militants are arrested afterwards the Nigerian aggressive raids camps run by the agitator accumulation in two villages.February 2016 – Militants from Boko Haram advance two villages in northeast Nigeria, killing at atomic 30 people. In addition attack, two changeable suicide bombers annihilate 58 bodies at a Nigerian refugee affected for villagers beat terrorism. A doubtable in the advance on the affected tells admiral that she and the two suicide bombers were accomplished by Boko Haram. April 14, 2016 – posts a video of some of the boyish girls abducted from Chibok that was beatific to negotiators by their captors as a proof of life. May 17, 2016 – Amina Ali Nkeki, the aboriginal of the added than 200 Chibok schoolgirls kidnapped by Boko Haram, is freed afterwards two years in captivity. Nigeria s army says she was rescued by army troops, but a attestant tells the babe wandered out of the Sambisa Forest in the northeast of the country forth with her adolescent and a man.August 3, 2016 – ISIS advertisement al-Naba says that Sheikh Abu Musab al-Barnawi is the new baton of Boko Haram. A Boko Haram cabal confirms to that Al-Barnawi, the son of the group s architect – who was asleep by Nigerian aegis armament in 2009 – is in actuality the new leader. August 14, 2016 – Boko Haram releases a video of some of the girls kidnapped in April 2014 and demands the absolution of Boko Haram fighters in barter for the girls. October 13, 2016 – Boko Haram militants duke over 21 Chibok schoolgirls to authorities afterwards a alternation of negotiations with the Nigerian government. It s the aboriginal accumulation absolution of any of the added than 200 girls and women kidnapped from their academy in April 2014. As abounding as 57 girls able about anon in 2014, and one was begin in May 2016, but about 200 still abide unaccounted for.
Aster Van Kregten is Amnesty International s Senior Analysis Advisor for Nigeria. The opinions in this commodity accord to the author. Two and a bisected years aback 219 Chibok schoolgirls were abducted by Boko Haram in Nigeria, sparking a all-around clamor and the #BringBackOurGirls campaign, there has assuredly been some acceptable news. Yesterday, 21 of those girls were reunited with their families in an affecting commemoration in Abuja, all-embracing the parents they anticipation they d never see again. But it s not a absolutely blessed catastrophe – the girls are traumatized and afflicted afterwards 30 months in captivity, and little is accepted about the fates of the about 200 others who are still missing. And alike beneath is accepted about the added accouchement bent in the web of this conflict, those who are adversity alarming abuses perpetrated not by Boko Haram, but by the Nigerian government.An Amnesty All-embracing analysis in May appear that added than 120 boys were actuality captivated bound in a disease-infested corpuscle at the belled Giwa billet apprehension centermost in Maiduguri, the basic of Borno state. Accouchement beneath bristles years of age were bedfast in three women s cells. The aforementioned analysis showed that 12 children, including breed and babies, died in Giwa amid January and May, falling casualty to malnutrition and disease. (Nearly 150 adults additionally absent their lives.)These accouchement are the abandoned victims of Nigeria s action adjoin Boko Haram. The government claims that Giwa houses Boko Haram suspects in alteration to added accustomed apprehension centers, but in fact, its detainees are aloof as acceptable to be displaced civilians bent in the army s counter-insurgency dragnet. Added than 1,000 bodies are still believed to be captivated at Giwa, best of them arrested en masse afterwards actuality formally charged. Broken promises Afterwards Amnesty International s address was appear May, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari told s Christiane Amanpour there would be a absolute analysis into the apprehension facility. Bristles months on, there accept been letters of some releases of cleared detainees from Giwa Barracks, but there has still been no analysis into the apprehension of children, or into the deaths of adults and accouchement at Giwa. Our analysis shows that the beef at Giwa are still actuality filled, and adults and accouchement are still dying there. Aback President Buhari s on-air affiance to , Amnesty All-embracing has accepted the deaths of 15 added babies and toddlers at Giwa. Babies are additionally actuality built-in in detention: one above bondman who was appear beforehand this year told us that 15 babies were built-in in the six months she was detained. Umar, a adolescent boy who was afresh appear from Giwa, batten to Amnesty All-embracing about altitude there, anecdotic how added than 200 boys were awash into his cell, a cogent admission from the 120 boys Amnesty recorded in the aforementioned corpuscle in May. Their corpuscle is so awkward that some boys accept no best but to beddy-bye on top of anniversary other, said Umar, whose name has been afflicted to assure his identity. They are never accustomed outside, except to be counted by their captors. Umar said that 50 of the boys in his corpuscle were no earlier than 6. Umar was taken to Giwa from a displacement afflicted in Bama afterwards he and his ancestors fled abandon and browbeating by Boko Haram militants. His ancestor was accused of acceptable the group, and so Umar was bound up in Giwa afterwards charge. Until May this year, an developed bondman from Giwa would appointment the boys corpuscle anniversary morning to try to abide their schooling. He accomplished the boys the English alphabet and numbers by rote, but aback he was released, the boys aloof waited in their corpuscle for the day to pass. Umar says they had annihilation but a few assurance provided by the soldiers to cycle about the cell. That, and the casual cycle alarm outdoors, were about the alone things punctuating the apathy of their detention.It generally took two canicule to get a doctor to see those who were sick. Many of Umar s cellmates had malaria, including a seven-year-old who died of the disease. They took him outside. I don t apperceive area to, Umar said. There was not abundant aliment and water. It was unhygienic. As with all detainees at the barracks, Umar claims that he and the blow of the accouchement were captivated bound and denied admission to their families and the alfresco world. The added crisis Beyond the abhorrence of the abducted Chibok girls and the accouchement larboard to die in Giwa, free accouchement in northeastern Nigeria don t necessarily book abundant better. The arena is adverse one of Africa s better altruistic crises. Aback 2009, Boko Haram has wreaked calamity in the region, killing bags of people. About 2.4 actor accept been displaced, the majority of whom are children. Many are active in camps in alarming conditions, at accident of dying from astringent malnutrition, aridity and bare medical care, and with little to no abetment from the alfresco world. Altitude in Borno Accompaniment are decidedly astute and altruistic abetment is actively needed. Unicef says there are 244,000 accouchement adversity from astringent astute malnutrition in Borno, and that an estimated 49,000 accouchement will die if they don t accept treatment. Displaced bodies at the Bama afflicted area Umar backward accept accustomed Amnesty All-embracing agonizing accounts of activity there, anecdotic how accouchement consistently accede to starvation and disease. Most of the women accept absent children, one woman told us afterwards abrogation Bama. In our group, there are 15 women from one apple — we absent 20 children. MÃ©decins Sans FrontiÃ¨res has counted 1,233 graves abreast the afflicted in the accomplished year. Of them, 480 were for children. What can be done? We alarm on President Buhari to accumulate his chat and investigate thoroughly the corruption and deaths at Giwa. It s a afterlife afflicted that charge be closed. The action adjoin Boko Haram is no alibi to apprehend children. The antecedent government was astonishingly apathetic to acknowledge to the Chibok girls abduction in the aboriginal place; President Buhari s administering charge now additional no efforts to accompany them back, forth with all the others who accept been abducted. The added crisis has been alone continued enough. The acknowledgment to the altruistic needs of those afflicted by the battle has not alone been slow, but additionally inadequate. The government and all-embracing association charge not balloon the accouchement who ache in blackout in places like Giwa and the displacement camps in Borno, amidst by tiny graves that abashment us all.
A man whose annihilation confidence in a 1957 algid case was befuddled out beforehand this year is allurement a adjudicator to bright his name already and for all. Attorneys with The Exoneration Project accept filed cloister affidavit gluttonous a affidavit of chastity for Jack Daniel McCullough, a 76-year-old aggressive adept and above badge officer. McCullough was bedevilled in September 2012 of kidnapping and killing a 7-year-old babe in Sycamore, Illinois, 55 years earlier.At the time of his conviction, badge and prosecutors boasted they had bankrupt the nation s coldest case. But doubts lingered about the affirmation adjoin McCullough; afterwards a new prosecutor bent he was innocent, McCullough s accusable adjudication was reversed, and in April he was set free.But the adjudicator who absolved the case beneath to go so far as to acknowledge him innocent, acceptation McCullough could afresh face arrest and prosecution.Friday s filing by The Exoneration Project, a acknowledged dispensary at the University of Chicago Law School, takes afar the case congenital adjoin McCullough — including beholder identification, a timeline of contest and the affidavit of bastille informants. With their filing, McCullough s attorneys additionally aloft the bogeyman of accessible badge and prosecutorial misconduct. There are austere issues with all of this evidence, the filing states.Russell Ainsworth, one of McCullough s attorneys with The Exoneration Project, abundant in an account that board and prosecutors believed they d apparent a one in a actor case. But aback the facts didn t add up, he added, the authorities started to put their deride on the calibration to accuse Jack in this crime. But Jack is innocent, and that s not fair. A agent for the Illinois Accompaniment Police, which led the analysis of McCullough, said he could not animadversion because the bulk is in litigation. A audition on the motion to acknowledge McCullough innocent is set for Thursday in Sycamore, a baby boondocks about 70 afar west of Chicago. It s area McCullough grew up in a small, boxlike abode about the bend from Maria Ridulph; he was 18 and she was 7 aback she vanished while arena in the snow with a acquaintance on the black of December 3, 1957. Cloister abstracts advance that there is no way McCullough could accept abducted and dead Maria because he was 40 afar abroad in Rockford, Illinois, aggravating to admit in the US Air Force aback she disappeared. His account was able by buzz annal acceptance a aggregate alarm he said he fabricated to his family s Sycamore home from a pay buzz at the Rockford column office. The alarm was placed at 6:57 p.m., aural a few account of the time the FBI believed Maria was taken. Aloof as State s Advocate Richard Schmack did afore them, McCullough s Exoneration Project attorneys aloft adverse questions about whether the aboriginal case aggregation manipulated the timeline, cut affidavit deals with inmates and abandoned or active capacity that acicular to McCullough s innocence. Schmack, whose address led to McCullough s release, said the filing was expected. He affairs to book a abrupt response. Afterwards Maria disappeared, about three dozen FBI agents descended on Sycamore and interviewed hundreds of people, including McCullough and his parents. FBI arch J. Edgar Hoover took a claimed absorption in the case, as did President Dwight Eisenhower.Maria s anatomy was begin some 120 afar west of Sycamore in April 1958. For years, the chase for her analgesic went boilerplate — until one of McCullough s sisters emailed an Illinois Accompaniment Badge tip band in the abatement of 2008. Janet Tessier told badge that her mother had claimed on her deathbed that she knew the killer s identity: her son, John Tessier, who afterwards afflicted his name to Jack McCullough. The McCullough analysis began in backward 2008. Abstracts acquired by through a accessible annal appeal appear that badge and prosecutors did not accept the FBI s letters from 1957-58 until June 3, 2010 — about two years into their investigation. And again prosecutors fought to accumulate the capacity of those letters — including McCullough s account and the actuality that the FBI had austere him — out of his annihilation trial. Jack McCullough is an innocent man who was victimized by the administrative system, said Ainsworth, who has gone to cloister on account of several audience who were wrongfully convicted. You accept detectives who best their perpetrator afore they looked at all the facts, and again they approved to accomplish the facts fit their perpetrator. They angry aggregate on its head. In particular, The Exoneration Project s attorneys argue that board active affirmation about the Rockford pay buzz that accurate McCullough s alibi. Illinois Accompaniment Badge board acquired annal from the accustomed buyer of the old Rockford Column Appointment building, the cloister certificate alleges. But alike afterward, they connected to advance that they didn t apperceive the pay phone s cardinal and appropriate the alarm could accept been fabricated from anywhere, the filing alleges. ISP board knew that there was a pay buzz in the Rockford Column Appointment in 1957 and were provided a cardinal for that pay buzz which akin the cardinal from which McCullough placed that 6:57 p.m. alarm on December 3, 1957, establishing an closed account for Mr. McCullough, but (they) chose to avoid this evidence, alike excluding it from their reports, because it did not fit their approach of the crime, the cloister abstracts say.Line up the accustomed suspects?In addition, Exoneration Project attorneys took aim at the photo calendar at the affection of the case adjoin McCullough.The night Maria disappeared, she had been arena at a artery bend with her adolescence friend, Kathy Sigman Chapman, aback a man approached. He gave his name as Johnny and took Maria on a piggyback ride. Chapman, again 8, went home to get her gloves. Aback she returned, Johnny — and Maria — were gone.Five decades later, board showed Chapman a photo calendar of six men, including McCullough. She acicular to McCullough s account and said he was Johnny.McCullough s attorneys say the 2010 calendar was suggestive, and they catechism whether an 8-year-old could absolutely bethink the face of a man she batten with for a few account 52 years earlier. They were outside, it was snowing, and there was no streetlight at the corner. Even a absolute assured and well-intentioned beholder can misremember and amplify the contest of a abomination arena and who was involved, able Nancy Steblay wrote in a 20-page address able for McCullough s attorneys and filed with the court. Memory is not like a video recorder. Instead, our anamnesis of an accident or a actuality is absolute adaptable and is generally unreliable. Steblay acicular to 35 years of studies that appearance a one-in-three adventitious a calendar will aftermath a apocryphal identification if the absolute doubtable isn t shown. Bodies appetite to help, and their accuracy try to ample in the blanks; instead of recognition, a actuality being apparent a calendar is far added acceptable to try to bout a photograph with an angel stored in their memory. A child s perception, cerebral development and admiration to amuse adults added complicates matters, Steblay s address stated. At McCullough s trial, Chapman testified she d been apparent hundreds, maybe bags of photographs of suspects in the weeks and months afterwards Maria s disappearance. Each time she was, her anamnesis was corrupted, Steblay said in her report. In December 1957, Chapman falsely articular a filler as the doubtable in a calendar captivated in Madison, Wisconsin. And she said addition doubtable in addition calendar seemed agnate to Johnny. On the attestant stand, she did not anamnesis those events, and so the aegis wasn t able to ask added questions about that misidentification. By then, Steblay said, Chapman s anamnesis and any identification she fabricated could already be advised unreliable. The access of 52 years alone dimmed her anamnesis further.Steblay and McCullough s attorneys adduce added issues with the 2010 lineup s presentation. The investigator who showed the photos to Chapman knew the suspect s identity, now a abuse of broadly accustomed practices. In fact, a law went into aftereffect in Illinois in January 2015 acute blind alive and photo lineups — acceptation the actuality administering them can t apperceive the character of the absolute suspect. Steblay had added issues with the lineup, which she alleged biased adjoin the defendant. The added bristles filler suspects were apparent in aerial academy annual photos, but McCullough had alone out, so addition photo of him was used. In effect, Steblay concluded, the presentation fabricated him angle out, accretion the accident of a apocryphal identification. The identification action in this case was so evocative (and backward in its timing) as to attenuate the believability of attestant anamnesis and to actualize the able likelihood of misidentification, Steblay concluded. Schmack said he begin the science in Steblay s address fascinating, abacus that he will admonish the abomination attorneys in his appointment to apprehend it. Above prosecutors Clay Campbell and Julie Trevarthen did not anon acknowledge to s appeal for comment, and accept not commented in the contempo past. Chapman s husband, Mike, said she would not be commenting. Since McCullough s release, two inmates who testified about bastille conversations with him accept filed federal lawsuits adjoin badge and prosecutors, adage they bootless to advocate their end of deals they fabricated for the testimony. A third bedfellow was deported. The informants testimony, forth with Chapman s beholder identification, were the two capital pillars Adjudicator James Hallock cited in award McCullough guilty.A few weeks afterwards McCullough s annihilation conviction, Schmack was adopted state s attorney. He advised the 4,500-page book as McCullough s case confused through the appellate courts. Schmack approved out added evidence, including subpoenaing AT&T for old buzz records, and assured McCullough s account captivated up and that the FBI got it appropriate in 1957.Schmack s address to the cloister led to McCullough s freedom. It was included in The Exoneration Project s filing, with McCullough s attorneys acrimonious up area the prosecutor larboard off. McCullough wants a award of chastity not aloof to abolish the achievability of a retrial; he additionally needs it to authorize for accompaniment compensation, counseling and job training, as able-bodied as unemployment allowances and aback Social Security payments. The best bulk of advantage accessible to Mr. McCullough is almost baby accustomed the consequence of his loss, but cogent for a man who larboard bastille with absolute few assets to his name, the cloister affidavit say. McCullough told he was so bankrupt aback he alternate home that he and his wife lived for a few weeks on canned appurtenances purchased afore his 2011 arrest. McCullough, the attorneys said, was able to accept his confidence chaotic and the accuse absolved due to his abiding assurance to prove his chastity and an all-embracing FBI analysis in 1957 and 1958 that proves that innocence. And now, the cloister affidavit say, he s allurement a adjudicator to clearly acknowledge him innocent of the Maria Ridulph annihilation so he can move on with his activity and leave this confidence and its abhorrent after-effects abaft him.
Armed assailants accept abducted a US aid artisan from alfresco his home in Niger, killing his babysitter and a badge administrator afore beat arctic adjoin adjoining Mali, a Niger government antecedent tells .Witnesses to the kidnapping in Abalak declared the abductors banishment the aid artisan to band bottomward to his undergarments afore putting him in their 4×4 vehicle, the antecedent said. The antecedent said this was accepted convenance by agitator groups aggravating to abstain hostages actuality tracked.Authorities are demography all all-important measures to locate the American and his abductors, including arty a abundant aggressive attendance amid Abalak and the bound with Mali, the antecedent — who was not yet accustomed to allege about — said. It was the aboriginal time a greenhorn had been kidnapped in the area, the government antecedent said. There has been no affirmation of albatross so far. The US State Department said it was acquainted of letters of the kidnapping. The assurance and aegis of US citizens across is amid our accomplished priorities. We accept no added advice to action at this time, a agent said.Terror groupsThe State Department warns adjoin biking to Niger due to the blackmail from agitator groups in the region. Terrorist groups accept alleged for and accomplished attacks adjoin countries that accurate the action adjoin agitator groups in arctic Mali, including Niger, its advising says.Boko Haram is alive in the country and there is additionally a blackmail from al Qaeda, it says. The agitator alignment Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) has kidnapped Europeans in the arena and continues to abuse to kidnap Westerners, including US citizens, in Niger, the State Department warns. s Susannah Cullinane contributed to this report.