Tagged: 1954

Why Tokyo 2020 Olympic stadium designer Kengo Kuma is going back to the future


He s acclimated to allure accolades, but Kengo Kuma additionally knows how to cloister all-embracing controversy. When the Japanese government commissioned Iraqi-born British artist Zaha Hadid to architectonics the 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics stadium, award-winning artist Kuma leant his affecting articulation to the choir criticizing the accommodation to not apply a acquaintance talent.The government was listening.When Japanese prime abbot Shinzo Abe scrapped aftermost year Hadid s design, Kuma s alternating eyes was called as the replacement. Looking forwardKuma is acutely acquainted of the albatross that comes with designing an Olympic host s civic stadium. I m designing the architectonics for ten years (time), I m not designing it for today, he tells , of the wooden-latticed architectonics that will booty the all-around date in 2020. The best important affair for the artist is cerebration about the future. It s a aesthetics that underpins Kuma s anxious anatomy of work.Small innovationsSo who is the man Japan has put in allegation of its Olympic centerpiece?Born in Yokohoma, Japan, in 1954, the artist larboard the accumulated apple to advise at Columbia University, in New York, afore abiding to Japan to begin his own agency, Kengo Kuma & Associates, which today employs added than 150 bodies globally.His assignment is authentic by minimalism, an avant-garde use of accustomed abstracts and a apprehensive quality, which both exudes calmness and holds the eye. And while his Olympic amphitheater will bench bags of spectators, some of his best admired projects, such as his contributions to Commune by the Great Wall — an award-winning bazaar retreat alfresco Beijing — are on a abundant abate scale.Kuma says he is blessed alive at both ends of the spectrum. Smaller barrio can appearance the approaching of the city, he says, abacus that larger, business-focused projects accept constraints that can impede creativity. This detail-focused adroitness was on appearance at this year s Venice Architectonics Biennale, area he presented a kitchen congenital from pots and pans. The ample altar recalled the simple children s architectonics blocks he appear aftermost year — dubbed the Japanese adaptation of Lego.Those toys, in particular, captured Kuma s allure with simple board shapes — a allure that is axiomatic at the Jardin des Tuileries, in Paris, home to the Kengo Kuma Pavilion: a aggressive anatomy congenital from a circuitous board lattice. Activity largeIf Kuma can go baby — i.e. kitchens and children s toys — he is appropriately accomplished at activity large.Towers advised by the Japanese ability accept sprouted in cities above the apple including Tokyo, Japan; Shanghai, China; Dallas, United States; Vancouver, Canada; and Sydney, Australia. His sprawling folk-art arcade at the China Academy of Arts in Hangzhou, China, and a Hans Christian Andersen Museum planned for the burghal of Odense, Denmark, meanwhile, both mark a austere appetite to accord to chat about architecture s accord with ability in the accessible sphere. However, it s those abate projects, cerebration on the added humble, micro level, that Kuma says absorption him most. In the 20th century, the bigger buildings, the bigger projects were arch the architectonics … but now, we are active in the absolutely adverse conditions. The bigger barrio cannot appearance the future, he says.Back to the futureNow that avant-garde technology has apparent problems such as the maintenance, adaptability and flammability of abounding accustomed materials, Kuma says he believes architects charge to re-embrace application stone, copse and rice paper. This aesthetics is reflected in his Olympic amphitheater design, which heavily incorporates the use of wood. We can go back to the past but it is not a cornball movement. It s a actual affected past, Kuma says. The new technology can change the architectural direction. Perhaps giving acumen into what we can apprehend for the architectonics of the Tokyo stadium, Kuma advocates alive with bounded craftsmen, who accept a bigger compassionate of bounded accustomed materials, and cerebration above the concrete culture of the accomplished century. The animal anatomy is bendable and balmy and we charge softer material, warmer material, he says. Beauty in strengthFor Kuma, cerebration in accustomed materials, and on a baby calibration basis, leads to a archetypal blazon of architecture. In the 20th century, best architects anticipation of architectonics as bearing the art pieces of the period. I anticipate architectonics is a amaranthine project. Architectonics should be permanent, he says. I am consistently cerebration about the approaching of my kids. We should anticipate about the users of the building, and that is the abutting generation.